Android version: Live history from 1.0 to 13

It has been a long and strange journey.

From its first release to this day, Android has changed visually, conceptually, and functionally – time and time again. Google’s mobile operating system may have gotten off to a rough start, but god damn it, has it ever evolved.

Here’s a fast-paced tour of Android version highlights from its inception to date. (Please skip to the next part if you just want to see what’s new in Android 12 or Android 13.)

Android versions 1.0 to 1.1: Early days

Android officially hit the public in 2008 with Android 1.0 – a release so ancient it didn’t even have a cute codename.

Everything was pretty basic at the time, but the software included an initial set of Google apps like Gmail, Maps, Calendar, and YouTube, all of which were built into the operating system – in stark contrast to Standalone application model can update more easily recruited today.

Android 1.0 version on first smartphone T Mobile

Android 1.0 home screen and its rudimentary web browser (not yet called Chrome).

Android version 1.5: Cupcake

With the release of Android 1.5 Cupcake in early 2009, the tradition of Android version names was born. Cupcake introduced many improvements to the Android interface, including the first virtual keyboard – a necessity when phones moved away from the once popular physical keyboard style.

Cupcake also brought the framework for third-party app extensions, which would quickly become one of Android’s most distinguishing elements, and it provided the platform’s first option for video capture.

Android version 1.5 Cupcake Android Police (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Cupcake is all about widgets.

Android version 1.6: Donut

Android 1.6, Donut, came out to the world in the fall of 2009. Donut fills in several important holes at the heart of Android, including the ability for the operating system to work across multiple screen sizes and resolutions. different shapes – a very important factor in the years to come. It also adds support for CDMA networks like Verizon, which will play a key role in the impending boom of Android.

Android version 1.6 Donut Google

Android’s global search box first appeared in Android 1.6.

Android Versions 2.0 to 2.1: Eclair

Keeping up with the dizzying release rate of Android’s early years, Android 2.0, Eclair, arrived just six weeks after Donut; Its “point one” update, also known as Eclair, came out a few months later. Eclair was the first Android release to enter mainstream consciousness thanks to Original Motorola Droid phone and a massive Verizon-led marketing campaign around it.

Verizon’s “iD Don’t” ad for the Droid.

The biggest transformative element of the release is the addition of voice-guided turn-by-turn navigation and real-time traffic information – something that hasn’t been possible before (and basically still hasn’t). in the smartphone world. Navigation aside, Eclair brought live wallpapers to Android as well as the platform’s first speech-to-text functionality. And it made waves when it brought iOS’s once-exclusive pinch-to-zoom capability to Android – a move often seen as the spark that sparked Apple’s long-term existence. “thermonuclear war” against Google.

Android version 2.0 2.1 2.2 Eclair Google

The first versions of turn-by-turn navigation and voice-to-text, in Eclair.

Android version 2.2: Froyo

Just four months after Android 2.1 launched, Google delivered Android 2.2, Froyo, largely around unprecedented performance improvements.

However, Froyo has provided some important features on the front end, including the addition of the now standard dock at the bottom of the home screen as well as the first version of Voice Actions, which allows you to perform tasks basic functions like getting directions and taking notes by tapping an icon and then speaking a command.

Android version 2.2 Froyo Google

Google’s first real attempt at voice control, in Froyo.

Notably, Froyo also added Flash support for Android’s web browser – an option that was significant both because of Flash’s widespread use at the time and because Apple’s tough stance against supporting it on their own mobile devices. Of course, Apple will eventually win, and Flash will become much less popular. But back when it was still everywhere, the whole web was accessible without any black holes is a real advantage only Android can provide.

Android version 2.3: Gingerbread

Android’s first truly visual identity begins to take hold with Gingerbread Release 2010. Bright green has long been the color of Android’s robot mascot, and with Gingerbread, it has become an integral part of the operating system’s interface. Black and green colors pervade the user interface as Android begins its slow journey towards distinctive design.

Android version 2.3 Gingerbread JR Raphael / IDG

It’s easy to go green in the Gingerbread days.

Android 3.0 to 3.2: Honeycomb

2011 Hive It was a strange time for Android. Android 3.0 entered the world as a tablet-only release with the launch of the Motorola Xoom, and through the subsequent 3.1 and 3.2 updates it remained a PC-specific entity. tables (and closed source code).

Under the guidance of the newly arrived design director Matias Duarte, Honeycomb introduced a significantly reimagined user interface for Android. It features a space-like “holographic” design, changes the platform’s trademark green to blue, and emphasizes making the most of the tablet’s screen space.

Android version 3.0 3.1 3.2 Honeycomb JR Raphael / IDG

Honeycomb: When Android has a case of three-dimensional blues.

Although the concept of a tablet-specific interface didn’t last long, many of Honeycomb’s ideas laid the groundwork for the Android we know today. The software was the first to use on-screen buttons for Android’s main navigation commands; it marked the beginning of the end for menu button additional items permanently; and it introduced the concept of a card-like UI with the Recent Apps list.

Android version 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich

With Honeycomb acting as a bridge from old to new, Ice cream sandwich – also released in 2011 – serves as the official platform into the modern design era. The release refined the visual concepts introduced with Honeycomb as well as tablets and phones reunited with a single, unified user interface.

ICS has largely stripped away the Honeycomb’s “holographic” look, but still uses blue as a system-wide accent. And it brings with it core system elements like on-screen buttons and a card-like interface for switching apps.

Android version 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich JR Raphael / IDG

ICS main screen and application switching interface.

Android 4.0 also makes swiping a more comprehensive method of moving around the operating system, with the then-revolutionary ability to swipe away things like notifications and recent apps. And it started the slow process of coming up with a standardized design framework – called “Holo” – all OS-wide and into Android’s app ecosystem.

Android versions 4.1 to 4.3: Jelly Bean

Spread across three impactful Android versions, 2012 and 2013 Bean jelly releases have taken the new foundation of ICS and made meaningful strides in refining and building upon it. Releases have been added lots of poses and polish into the operating system and has gone a long way in making Android more appealing to the average user.

Visuals aside, Jelly Bean gave us our first taste of Search with google – Spectacular predictive smart gadget, sadly since then evolved into a glorified news feed. It provides us with scalable and interactive notifications, an expanded voice search system, and a more advanced system for displaying search results in general, with a focus on results based on cards try to answer the questions directly.

Multi-user support is also starting to come into play, though only on tablets at this point, and the first version of Android’s Quick Settings panel has made its debut. Jelly Bean opened up a system of hype for put widgets on your lock screentoo – one that, like lots of Android features over the yearsquietly disappeared a few years later.

Android 4.1 4.2 4.3 Jelly Bean Version JR Raphael / IDG

Jelly Bean’s Quick Settings panel and short-lived lock screen widget feature.

Android Version 4.4: KitKat

End of 2013 Chocolate Kitkat The release marked the end of Android’s dark age, when Gingerbread’s blacks and Honeycomb’s blues finally made their way out of the operating system. Lighter backgrounds and more neutral highlights have taken their place, with the transparent status bar and white icons giving the operating system a more modern look.

Android 4.4 also had the first version to support “OK, Google” – but in KitKat, the hands-free activation prompt only works when your screen is on and you are on the home screen or inside the Google app.

The release is Google’s first foray into requiring the entire home screen for its services – at least for users of genuine Nexus phones and those who have opted to download it. first standalone launcher.

Android Version 4.4 KitKat JR Raphael / IDG

The illuminated KitKat home screen and its dedicated Google Now panel.

Android 5.0 and 5.1 versions: Lollipop

Google has essentially reinvented Android – again – with Android 5.0 Lollipop Release in the fall of 2014. Lollipop hits the market today Material Design Standardsbrings a brand new look and feel that extends across all of Android, its apps, and even other Google products.

The tag-based concept that has been scattered throughout Android has become a core UI pattern – one that will guide the appearance of everything from notifications, now showing on the lock screen for quick access, to the Recent Apps list, giving it a solid card-based look.

Android 5.0 and 5.1 Lollipop versions JR Raphael / IDG

Lollipop and the beginning of Material Design.

Lollipop introduced a bunch of new features into Android, including truly hands-free voice control via the “OK, Google” command, support for multiple users on the phone, and priority mode for managing notifications. better. It has changed a lot, unfortunately, it also introduces a series of troublesome errorsmany of which won’t be finalized until release 5.1 years later. Android version: Live history from 1.0 to 13

Fry Electronics Team

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