Around 190 unexplained cases of severe hepatitis have been reported in children around the world, including one death, it was announced today.
Ireland is one of at least 12 countries to have reported severe hepatitis in young children, with fewer than five patients here.
The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said today that the outbreak was first reported this month in the UK – where 111 cases have been recorded, mostly in children under the age of 10. Since then he has performed in other countries.
The United States and Israel have also seen cases.
About 40 cases have been registered in the European Union and the European Economic Area, ECDC Director Andrea Ammon said at a news conference.
The ECDC investigates together with national authorities and the World Health Organization.
Severe hepatitis, or liver inflammation, is rare in otherwise healthy children.
Unusually, the new cases do not carry the viruses typically responsible for acute liver inflammation – hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
According to the WHO, the recent cases have required 17 children to have liver transplants and one has died.
The leading theory is a viral infection, likely with an adenovirus — a common family of viruses that can cause the common cold, among other things.
One type of adenovirus commonly causes acute gastroenteritis, and it has been reported to cause hepatitis in immunocompromised children but never before in healthy children.
Public Health Scotland director Jim McMenamin said work was underway to determine whether the affected adenovirus had mutated to cause a more severe disease or whether it could be causing the problems “together” with another virus, including possibly SARS-CoV-2. the virus that causes Covid-19.
He said 77 per cent of children in the UK have tested positive for adenovirus.
It’s also possible that a novel pathogen or exposure to a toxin is involved, but the geographic spread of cases, suggesting infection, was a more likely explanation, the scientists said.
A link to Covid-19 vaccines has been ruled out as children were not vaccinated in the UK, where most cases were found.
Other scientists said reduced immunity as a result of reduced social mixing during the pandemic could be one explanation.
The HSE said so and the Department of Health continues to monitor this closely and we have issued precautionary information to GPs and pediatric advisors in this specialty.
Parents are advised to be alert for symptoms of hepatitis and to contact their GP if their child develops jaundice (discolored whites of the eyes, dark urine and/or light-colored stools).
The GP will examine the child and refer you for further evaluation as indicated.
If your child is unwell with respiratory or diarrhea or hepatitis symptoms, leave them at home and do not send them to daycare, daycare or school until they are better.
https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/health/around-190-unexplained-cases-of-severe-hepatitis-reported-in-children-around-the-world-with-one-death-41589978.html Around 190 unexplained cases of severe childhood hepatitis have been reported worldwide, with one fatality