The ministry said in a statement that it would “closely consult with South Korea, Japan, and other allies and partners on how to best interact” with North Korea.
But the leaders of those two East Asian countries are divided in their approach and remain drawn in fierce dispute on separate issues of history and war. Japanese officials criticized Moon’s North Korea policy. In November, Wendy Sherman, deputy secretary of state and an experienced negotiator on North Korea and Iran, held a meeting with her South Korean and Japanese counterparts in Washington, but hostilities were met. Enemy stretched leading to a awkward press conference.
Importance of North Korea’s missile tests
Some analysts have suggested that Sherman may be the best US official to lead diplomatically on North Korea. Besides experience, her position as a second-level official in the State Department gives her stature. They say that during the Trump years, North Korean officials wanted a more senior negotiating partner than special envoy Stephen E. Biegun. Ms. Sherman has the ability to set up a channel with Choe Son-huia top North Korean diplomat close to Kim.
Other American officials were burned because of North Korea. The top Asian official in the Biden White House, Kurt Campbell, was assistant secretary of state for East Asia in 2012 when the Obama administration achieved what it called the Leap Day Offer with North Korea, disbanded within a few weeks.
One of the biggest dilemmas is how to work with China to rein in North Korea’s weapons program. China’s leader, Xi Jinping, and his colleagues are balancing different goals: They want to end the disruption caused by Kim’s weapons and find a way to avoid a border failure their own or Pyongyang is growing closer to Washington or Seoul. One parliament report “Any cooperation between China and the United States on the denuclearization of North Korea will remain constrained by Beijing’s unwillingness to completely sever ties with Pyongyang and lose leverage over North Korea’s foreign policy decisions.”
By far, China is North Korea’s largest trading partner. Although the country has occasionally passed UN sanctions, in 2019 Russia and Russia began demanding partial relief from Obama and Trump-era sanctions. For a while it enforced those sanctions, but then it started helping North Korea get around them like Beijing-Washington relations deteriorate.
For most pandemics, North Korea has kept China within reach, closing its borders and rejecting Chinese offers of vaccines. But this month, the two countries reopened their common border to freight trains. North Korean trains have been delivery from the Chinese border city of Dandong.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/27/us/politics/north-korea-biden-tests.html Can Biden prevent a crisis with North Korea?