The issue of whether cash aid helps or hurts children is central to social policy. Progressives argue that poor children need a level of income, citing research showing that even brief periods of childhood poverty can lead to lower adult income and poor health worse. Conservatives argue that unconditional payments erode jobs and marriages, increasing poverty in the long run.
President Bill Clinton changed the Democratic position a quarter-century ago by abolishing welfare guarantees and shifting aid to working parents. Although child poverty has since fallen to record lows, the reasons are disputed, and rising inequality and volatility has revived Democratic support for federal aid. grant.
Yes a wide range of public and private programs is being conducted in the United States to measure the impact of guaranteed income on poor families, and many other rich countries provide generous subsidies to children without conditions.
Temporary child tax credit extension, passed last year, provides benefits to all but the richest parents at a cost of more than $100 billion a year. Representative Suzan DelBene, a Democrat of Washington, said the study strengthens the aid case by showing that “investing in our children has incredible long-term benefits”.
Greg J. Duncan, an economist at the University of California, Irvine, one of nine co-authors of the study, said he hopes the study will refocus the debate, which he says is “almost always always about the risks that parents may work less or use money frivolously” on the question “whether payments are good for children”.
However, a conservative critic of welfare, Robert Rector of the Heritage Foundation, argues that the research supports strict welfare laws, which he argues work to reduce child poverty by encouraging encourage parents to find and keep jobs.
“If you really believe that child poverty has these negative effects, then you shouldn’t be trying to reinstate unconditional cash aid,” he said. “You certainly don’t want to be involved in the work of reversing welfare reform.”
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/24/us/politics/child-tax-credit-brain-function.html Cash support for poor mothers boosts brain activity in babies, finds study