Covid in UK: Latest data shows as Boris Johnson expels restrictions this week

As Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced plans to end all remaining Covid legal restrictions in the UK, we bring you an overview of the latest key coronavirus data.

Covid-19 infections in the UK are still higher than they were before Christmas, but hospital admissions and deaths have fallen in recent weeks and continue to be much lower than in previous waves of the virus.

The Joint Committee on Immunization and Immunization (JCVI) has recommended a second booster shot for 7.2 million people over 75 years of age.

The Prime Minister detailed Britain’s strategy, known as “living with Covid”, to the Commons late on Monday afternoon, saying the free universal trial would end in April.

Here is the latest data:

Infection

Around 1 in 20 people in private households in the UK contracted Covid-19 in the week to 12 February, or 2.4 million, according to estimates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

This is down from one in 19, or 2.8 million people, in the week to February 5.

Infections are still higher than they were before Christmas, when the number is estimated to be one in 25, or two million.







People who test positive for Covid-19 in private UK households
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But levels have dropped since the peak of the Omicron wave earlier in the year, when a record 15 people in the UK had Covid-19 – the equivalent of 3.7 million people.

The ONS Infection Survey is the most reliable measure of coronavirus prevalence across the country.

It is based on a representative swab sample collected from tens of thousands of households and can therefore estimate the percentage of people likely to test positive for Covid-19 in any given country. any time – no matter when they got the virus. , how many times they have had it and whether they have symptoms.

In contrast, the number of Covid-19 infections announced by the Government each day only counts those who have self-reported as having tested positive for the virus and is therefore influenced by the number of people who come for the test or the number of people who have tested positive. people who are getting tested because they know they have coronavirus symptoms.

Hospital patient

Although UK infections hit a record high during the recent Omicron surge, the number of people hospitalized with Covid-19 has never reached levels consistent with a second wave of the virus a year ago.

The number of patients hit 17,120 on 10 January 2022 – about half of the 34,336 recorded on 18 January 2021 at the peak of the second wave, according to NHS England figures.

The total is now 9,058, down 10% over the past week and down 47% from the Omicron peak.

The UK Health Security Agency says around 105,600 Covid-19 hospital admissions among people aged 25 and over were prevented in the UK between December 13, 2021 and February 6, 2022 due to the “direct effect” of the booster vaccination campaign.







Hospital patient in UK with Covid-19
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Just over half of all Covid-19 patients in hospital trusts in the UK are currently being treated primarily for something else, up from a quarter last autumn.

All patients who test positive for Covid-19 should be treated separately from those who do not have the virus, regardless of whether they are in a hospital primarily for Covid treatment.

But the growing proportion of patients hospitalized “with” Covid-19 rather than “for” Covid-19 is another sign that the current wave of the virus has not resulted in the critical care as important as the previous ones. .

Antibody

An estimated 98.1% of people aged 16 and over in the UK were likely to have Covid-19 antibodies in the week ending 16 January 2022, according to the ONS.

This is up from 89.4% in the previous six months and just 10% in mid-January 2021.

The presence of Covid-19 antibodies indicates someone has had an infection in the past or has been vaccinated.

It takes two to three weeks after infection – or vaccination – for the human body to make enough antibodies to fight the virus.







People in the UK test positive for Covid-19 antibodies
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The antibodies then remain in the blood at low levels, although levels can drop over time to the point where tests can no longer detect them.

The ONS’s latest figure of 98.1% is the highest number since estimates began in December 2020 and likely reflects both the impact of vaccination roll-out and Covid-19 infection rates- 19 high in recent months.

Around 91.9% of children in the UK aged 12 to 15 are also estimated to have antibodies, along with 71.2% of children aged 8 to 11.

Only a very small number of children aged 8 to 11 years outside of clinical trials had received any Covid-19 vaccine at the time the estimates were made, meaning most people in the age group Those who have antibodies will all get sick from coronavirus infection.

In contrast, the first doses of the Covid-19 vaccine have been given to 12- to 15-year-olds in the UK since last September, with the shots being made available at schools and immunization centres. local.

Vaccination

Use of the Covid-19 vaccine in the UK has always varied across different age groups and this remains the case in the latest available Government figures.

About nine out of 10 adults age 70 and older have received at least three doses of the vaccine.

This percentage then declines as the age groups get younger.







Using booster/third dose of Covid-19 vaccine in UK
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Rates of using a booster or third dose of the vaccine have not yet reached 50% among any group under the age of 40, with an estimate of just 36.3% for those aged 25 to 29. and 34% for 18 to 24-year-olds.

The very high prevalence of the virus at the beginning of the year will mean that many more people cannot get vaccinated, as it is not possible to vaccinate anyone who has tested positive within the previous 28 days.

But although infection levels have fallen in recent weeks, there is no sign yet that youth use of boosters is starting to increase rapidly.

Deaths

The number of deaths in the UK where Covid-19 is listed on death certificates averaged 150 to 190 people a day in January 2022, according to the ONS.

This is much lower than the equivalent figure in January 2021, when the number of deaths per day averaged between 800 and 1,200.

While the number of deaths in recent weeks is much higher than in the second half of last year, the impact of the vaccine rollout is clear.







Covid-19-related deaths in the UK
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No increase in deaths during the Omicron wave occurred in the first and second waves of Covid-19, even though Omicron is a highly transmissible variant of the virus.

The vaccine’s effectiveness against mortality with the Omicron variant for persons 50 years of age and older is estimated to be 95% two weeks or more after booster vaccination, compared with about 60% at 25 weeks or more. up after the second dose, according to the UK Health Security Agency.

As of January 31, 2022, 155,922 deaths had occurred in the UK where Covid-19 was mentioned on the death certificate, either as a primary cause or a contributing factor, the ONS said.

The single-day peak was 1,325 on January 19, 2021.

During the first wave of the virus, daily visitors peaked at 1,286 on April 8, 2020.

About nine out of 10 deaths with Covid-19 on death certificates since the start of the pandemic have had coronavirus as the main cause of death, with a few listing the virus as a contributing factor.

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https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/covid-england-what-latest-data-26292411 Covid in UK: Latest data shows as Boris Johnson expels restrictions this week

Fry Electronics Team

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