Of course, there are countless criticisms that one can grant in the Federation and in Starfleet. Firstly, given their brutal devotion to Boldly going where no one has gone before, Starfleet can often fail to keep track of things. In “Lower Decks”, set a good century after the events of the original series, Starfleet is finally seen tracking down a civilization they have liberated from an evil computer for decades. before.
For another, Starfleet also represents a set of moral and ethical values that are not necessarily shared by everyone in the galaxy, or even by everyone in the organization. If a pre-war society is dying from a plague that the Enterprise can cure, then Starfleet ethics dictates that people remain helpless, at the mercy of their own devices when faced with their own fate. This, of course, comes down to the general questions of the “Star Trek” Prime Ministerial Directive, which is itself an anti-colonial measure.
Starfleet values solidarity, cooperation and diplomacy, but also requires its officers a very specific code of conduct. And their code of conduct is very cautious, requiring uniforms, respecting military ranks, following orders and trusting the system. Starfleet officers do not have alcohol on board their ships, but no synthetic alcohol. Even fraternization seems to be seen as unprofessional. Starfleet, then, is a contradiction. It’s an organization that promotes multiculturalism and welcomes outside views and intelligent intervention, but they claim it under the auspices of the military.
There are other ways in which Starfleet can also be criticized. But Boimler, in a moment of anger, always kept in mind the more positive aspects of Starfleet. They don’t want to flaunt their status. They are merely moved to do the right thing.
https://www.slashfilm.com/1017222/star-trek-lower-decks-season-3-interrogates-the-very-purpose-of-starfleet/ Deck under season 3 interrogate Starfleet’s very purpose