“Companies are doing all they can to not make any hard-to-recover profits,” said Dr. Schneider. “Employees’ labor market strength has so far not yielded lasting dividends.”
Changes that made work less paid, less stable, and generally more precarious began in the 1960s and 1970s, when the labor market evolved in two main directions. First, companies start promote work outside the company – increasingly reliant on contractors, temp companies and franchisees, a practice known as “cracked. ”
Second, many businesses that continue to employ direct workers have begun hiring them into part-time, rather than full-time, positions, particularly in the retail and hospitality industries.
According to academics Chris Tilly of the University of California, Los Angeles and Françoise Carré of the University of Massachusetts Boston, the initial impetus for the shift to part-time work was the mass entry of women into the workforce, including includes many people. Prioritize part-time positions so they can stay home when the kids get home from school.
However, it wasn’t long before that, employers saw the advantage of hiring part-time employees and deliberately added more. Dr. Tilly said: “One day the light bulb came on. “’If we expand the part-time schedule, we don’t have to offer benefits, we can offer lower wages.'”
In the late 1980s, employers began using scheduling software to forecast customer needs and staff accordingly. Having a large share of part-time workers, who can be offered more hours when stores are busy and fewer hours when business slows down, has helped enable this approach, known as scheduling. timetable.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/01/business/economy/part-time-work.html Despite labor shortages, workers see little benefit in terms of economic security