More than 300,000 Ukrainians have flee to the European Union since Russia Invades Ukraine began on Thursday and the bloc is preparing for the arrival of up to four million Ukrainian refugees, EU officials said on Sunday.
The European Commission, the bloc’s executive body, will ask member states next week to grant temporary asylum to all Ukrainians arriving in the bloc for up to three years, the commissioner in charge of affairs said. the bloc’s interior minister, Ylva Johansson, told reporters on Sunday. Member states would have to agree, but Ms Johansson said after a meeting of interior ministers on Sunday that an “overwhelming majority” was in favor.
Seven million Ukrainians are expected to be displaced as a result of the Russian invasion.
Ukrainians can stay visa-free in the European Union for up to 90 days, and they can move freely between member states. According to the commission, many people have left their first country of arrival and went to countries with large Ukrainian diaspora communities, mainly the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain. Dental.
So far, a limited number of Ukrainians have applied for asylum, Johansson said, with most of their relatives already living in the European Union. “But things are going to change, and we need to be prepared for a much higher number of people trying to come,” she added.
Ukrainian refugees were met with “impressive solidarity” from the citizens and government of Member states bordering Ukraine – Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Hungary – according to Ms. Johansson.
In Poland, a massive mobilization from the citizen base is helping the Ukrainian refugees – bringing them into their homes, transporting them across the border, feeding and dressing them. On the government side, Poland has prepared a train to transport the wounded Ukrainians from the city of Mosciska to Warsaw, the capital of Poland, where they will be sent to different hospitals.
Poland, already home to millions of Ukrainians, is the main destination for people fleeing the Russian invasion. Polish authorities say that so far, 213,000 Ukrainians have entered the country. The country has opened its borders with Ukraine to everyone, regardless of their legal status.
Polish Interior Minister Mariusz Kaminski said: “Whoever is fleeing from bombs and bullets, from Russian rifles, can count on the support of the Polish state. told reporters on Thursday.
Slovakia announced that all Ukrainians coming to the country will be given temporary residency, free health care and permission to work. And the government of hardline Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban passed a special decree last week granting all Ukrainians temporary protection.
This is in stark contrast to the previous attitude of the nationalist Eastern European governments, which for many years resisted accepting their share of the more than one million asylum seekers, mainly from Syria, who came to the bloc during the refugee crisis of 2015.
Polish authorities are currently building a wall on the border with Belarus, after thousands of refugees and Middle Eastern migrants attempted to reach the country last year, with most being taken by the army and border forces. room repelled into Belarus. Several unidentified migrants are still stranded at the border, and aid organizations reported last week that a 26-year-old man from Yemen had frozen to death.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/27/world/europe/european-union-ukrainian-refugees-asylum.html EU will ask countries to grant asylum to Ukrainian refugees for up to 3 years