DIABETES can be an overwhelming condition to manage and you often have to worry about what you’re eating.
When you have diabetes, your body may struggle to produce enough insulin or the insulin is not effective.
Doctors have said that you need to be careful and monitor your blood sugar to avoid spikes.
With type 1 diabetes, a person’s pancreas doesn’t produce insulin, but in type 2, the body’s cells become resistant to insulin – so larger amounts of insulin are needed to keep sugar levels within limits. normal.
Even if you have a balanced diet, it can be difficult to keep levels under control.
While a little what you fancy is fine in moderation, there are some foods that you can avoid to help keep your blood sugar levels under control.
Speaking to The Sun GP, Dr Sally Roxburgh from Fleet . Road Clinic says it’s important for people with type 2 diabetes to control their sugar intake as well as control their weight, portion sizes and calorie intake.
She adds: “Getting enough exercise and lifestyle choices are equally important.
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“There are certain foods that should be avoided if you have type 2 diabetes, while other foods should be consumed in moderation.”
Dr. Roxburgh says that juices and smoothies often consumed with breakfast are one of the main culprits for spikes in blood sugar.
“Juices and smoothies should be avoided as they can cause blood sugar to spike very quickly,” she explains.
“Fruit in general can be consumed and I would never recommend completely excluding any fruit because of the nutritional value that fruit has, however, there are certain types of fruit that I would recommend for people with type 2 diabetes.
“For example, berries or apples rather than pineapples, oranges or bananas. However, I would avoid canned fruit because it’s kept in a high-sugar syrup.”
Healthy smoothies can sometimes have as much sugar as carbonated drinks in them – although sugars are natural, they can contribute to weight gain.
If you want something sweet for breakfast then you can try some blueberries.
Experts have previously discovered that sweet treats can help you control your blood sugar.
Experts at the Department of Human Ecology at the University of Maryland, USA found that blueberries are a rich source of polyphenols, including the bioactive compounds anthocyanin.
Experts say anthocyanins have anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-obesity effects, as well as preventing cardiovascular diseases.
In one research paper They state: “Epidemiological evidence indicates that incorporating blueberries into the diet may reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.”
PACKED IN THE PROCESSING PROCESS
If you enjoy a bacon and hot dog sandwich for breakfast, that’s bad luck, as experts say processed meat should be avoided for those trying to keep their blood sugar low. .
“These can cause weight gain, making diabetes harder to control,” says Dr. Roxburgh. Instead, choose leaner meats like chicken and turkey.
“Prepared meals and processed foods should be avoided as they often contain sugars and fats that can potentially lead to high blood sugar, weight gain and lead to heart disease.
“The combination of a healthy, balanced diet, weight management, regular exercise, and healthy lifestyle choices will be the best way to manage type 2 diabetes.”
What should my blood sugar be?
Diabetics are encouraged to monitor their sugar levels and if you have diabetes it is likely that you will be provided with a device so you can do this at home.
You will be told what your average blood sugar is and this is called your HbA1c level.
Although they are different for everyone, the NHS says that if you monitor your levels at home a normal target is 4 to 7mmol/l before eating and less than 8.5 to 9mmol/l 2 hours after a meal eat.
If it is checked every few months then a normal HbA1c target is less than 48mmol/mol (or 6.5% on the older scale).
CUT DOWN ON VEHICLES
Diabetics need to constantly monitor their carbohydrate levels.
Speaking to The Sun, an expert has highlighted the possible risks if diabetics’ carbohydrate consumption is at a lower level.
Dr Will Cave GP from the Fleet Street Clinic in London explains that carbohydrates are foods that can be easily converted into glucose.
“The degree to which food converts to glucose is known as the ‘Glycaemic Index’ or GI. Foods like white bread and white rice are quickly converted to glucose, causing blood glucose to spike, while low GI carbohydrates, such as nuts, seeds, and whole grains seeds, and most vegetables, will cause the blood to rise slowly. glucose sugar.
“Type 1 diabetics often avoid foods with a high GI because they know it makes it harder to control their blood sugar levels.
“Low glucose levels in the blood can make them feel faint or even faint [a so-called hypo], while high glucose levels are bad for blood vessels and over time this can damage the heart, kidneys, eyes – in fact most organs and systems inside the body.”
To avoid any damage, you should cut back on foods with added sugars like croissants and white bread products.
What should I eat instead?
If you’ve enjoyed a bowl of cereal with milk for breakfast, you’ll be happy to know you’re on the right track.
Scientists found in 2018 that starting your day with a protein-rich dairy meal can help prevent type 2 diabetes and even help you lose weight.
If you like some toast in the morning, just make sure to stick to the whole-wheat flour.
Diabetes UK says: “Switch from white toast to whole grain versions such as wholemeal, multigrain, cereal, soy and flaxseed.
“These are better for your diabetes and digestive health. They are also more filling. “
Another great way to start the day is with yogurt – but only in certain varieties.
“Many yoghurts are high in free sugars,” warns Diabetes UK.
While sugar, especially “free“The type that is added to food, is not necessarily the cause of type 2 diabetes, it contributes to excess weight gain – which is linked to the condition.
Diabetes UK said: ‘Being overweight can make it difficult to control diabetes and increase your risk of serious health problems such as heart disease and stroke in the future.
“Too much sugar is also bad for your teeth.”
Oats are a great choice for some people with type 2 diabetes because of their lower glycemic index.
Diabetes UK says: “In general, foods with a lower GI can be helpful for managing blood glucose levels.
https://www.thesun.ie/health/8224894/diabetes-warning-doctor-breakfast-foods-avoid-blood-sugar/ I’m a doctor and here are the breakfast foods to avoid to prevent blood sugar spikes