Surgery. Early in my career, radical mastectomy was the gold standard for breast cancer treatment, and I recall saying it would be my choice if I had the disease. Little by little, through large, costly clinical trials, this body deformity surgery has been almost completely replaced by early detection and minimal surgery, often followed by radiation therapy and surgery. chemotherapy, while survival rates have skyrocketed.
Likewise, I have seen great improvements in cataract removal surgery (now an outpatient procedure); replace hip, knee, shoulder, elbow and even finger joints paralyzed by arthritis; and prevent heart attacks and strokes by passing blocked arteries. Not to mention the possibility of organ transplants between genetically different people, or even from animal to human. Today, most heart and lung transplant recipients experience long-term benefits.
Pediatric surgeons are currently working to repair or minimize potentially fatal major defects, including spina bifida and airway obstruction, while Newborns are still in the womb. Intrauterine gene therapy, which is currently being tested in fetal animals, is most likely next. And departmental surgeons can now Facilitates safe, significant weight loss In adolescents and adults, obesity threatens health when dietary changes are inadequate.
Sex and gender. Our understanding of human sexuality has also undergone a terrifying shift towards the medical and cultural acceptance of lesbian, gay, transgender and gay people. . You may be shocked to learn that a Page 1 article I wrote in 1971 suggests that psychotherapy can help homosexuals become heterosexual, an idea that I, along with medical professionals, now dismiss as abusive.
Medicine now recognizes and accepts a wide variety of genders and sexual identities. For example, people who identify as transgender are increasingly able to accept a gender identity or gender expression that is different from what is commonly associated with the “male” or “female” gender they were assigned at birth.
Mental health. The closing of most psychiatric hospitals and the elimination of people with severe emotional disturbances in the 1950s and 60s ignited long-needed efforts to develop better therapies for people with disabilities. mental illness. There are now many effective medications and other treatments for common conditions including bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. psychosis.
The recognition that autism is a spectrum disorder is promoting a greater understanding of children and adults with the condition. Leaders in their fields, like animal scientist Temple Grandin and actor Sir Anthony Hopkins, who have spoken openly about being on the spectrum, are helping others find acceptance in society.
More than anything else, what keeps me writing in my 80s is the feedback I’ve received from readers with moving personal accounts of lives transformed through information and advice that experts have given me. My item offers. May my successors derive as much satisfaction as I get from researching and writing about whatever the future holds.
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/21/well/health-advice-diet-smoking.html Jane Brody: Here’s How Health Advice Has Changed Since I Joined The Times