A couple of weeks in the past, the artist Jennie C. Jones made her option to the highest of the spiral within the Guggenheim Museum to check audio tracks for “Oculus Tone,” a serene, drone-like sound set up she was designing for her exhibition now on the museum.
The house was demanding, with its dome of skylights, recessed exhibition bays and open central quantity cascading down. As she labored with Piotr Chizinski, the museum’s head of media arts, selections turned clear: which audio system to make use of, which sound information to tweak or discard.
“As somebody who works with parameters and likes parameters, as a result of it forces you to assume in numerous methods, I find it irresistible,” Jones stated later. “The riddles are enjoyable to unravel.”
Jones, 53, is an artist who allies sound and form in additional methods than one. She is an summary painter whose works channel the austerity of Minimalism however incorporate acoustic panels — the type utilized in live performance halls or music studios — atop the canvas. Her drawings nod to the world of music with parts of sheet-music notation or acoustic waveforms.
Her audio items accord with their settings whereas subtly difficult them. She stuffed Philip Johnson’s Glass House in New Canaan, Conn., an important work of Western modernism, with a hum produced partially by glass and metallic singing bowls. In a grand corridor in New Orleans that was as soon as house to Accomplice artifacts, she overlaid recordings of three choirs performing “A Metropolis Referred to as Heaven,” a utopian Black religious.
“Dynamics,” Jones’s current Guggenheim exhibition, gathers works in all these kinds, in an establishment with its personal lengthy affiliation to Modernism, from its structure to its assortment and programming. The exhibition is a significant New York solo museum presentation for an artist whose apply is as sensory as it’s cerebral.
She has lengthy swum in opposition to the tide. As a youngster within the Cincinnati suburbs, Jones was a Black child who was into punk rock. On the College of the Artwork Institute of Chicago within the late Eighties, she dove into postwar modernism and shaped an enduring attachment to abstraction — with a style for artists like Piet Mondrian, Ellsworth Kelly or Agnes Martin — out of tempo with the brewing tradition wars and rising curiosity in artwork that instantly addressed id and social illustration.
In the identical interval, she immersed herself within the Black sonic avant-garde, from post-bop to contemporary-classical composers and, particularly, the sector of improvisation-led music that rose within the Nineteen Seventies round figures like Cecil Taylor or the Artwork Ensemble of Chicago, and have become generally known as “inventive music.” The exclusion of those streams from the historical past of modernism, as taught on the time, turned the inventive provocation that has animated her work ever since.
These pursuits positioned Jones in a comparatively rarefied lineage of Black Modernists who have been undervalued of their time, from Jack Whitten or Alma Thomas to the Chicago-based Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (A.A.C.M.) or the St. Louis-based Black Artists’ Group — networks and collectives that dealt equally in music, artwork, writing and political thought.
Right this moment, Jones stays out of sync with sure traits — embraced by the market — just like the flip to figuration and Black portraiture. However her supporters, who embody main musicians and students, admire what they see as her prescience and persistence.
The scholar and composer George Lewis, the creator of the definitive study of the A.A.C.M., known as her “fearless.” “She asserts her proper to abstraction,” Lewis stated. “I take Jennie as a mannequin for saying, effectively, you may battle that, and you’ll win.”
For the poet and theorist Fred Moten, who wrote a textual content to accompany a recent exhibition by Jones in Chicago, she is within the lineage of Whitten, Thomas or Sam Gilliam in “calling into query the normative methods during which we take into consideration abstraction.” Black abstraction, Moten stated, emerges from social existence, as within the “outsider” artwork of Thornton Dial or the quilters of Gee’s Bend, Ala.
For all of the mental love, Jones’s work can also be meant, extra merely, to be felt. Her strategies invite the viewer (or listener) to expertise one thing that isn’t fairly captured by both of these senses however in some way addresses each, in a type of vibrational switch.
“Whenever you spend time on shut trying, you begin to hear issues,” stated Lauren Hinkson, the affiliate curator, collections on the Guggenheim who organized the exhibition.
Within the work it begins with a type of trompe l’oeil. From afar they appear like colour and line research on canvas, however they’re three-dimensional and incorporate acoustic panels — a fabric that she launched in a breakthrough exhibition at the Kitchen in 2011. These work don’t broadcast sound, however they orient it: Their placement in a room shapes the way you hear the house.
One other Jones signature is to color a pink or yellow streak on one aspect of the canvas or its high, perpendicular to the wall, in order that when the sunshine hits, a diffuse glow kinds. It’s a visible impact, but not that totally different from an auditory hum.
In the identical approach, the short flashes of suggestions that streak throughout the soundscape in “Oculus Tone,” which is put in on the high of the Guggenheim spiral however gently permeates your entire cylindrical quantity, bear some affinity to the sharp streaks of colour that cross the monotone floor of a few of her work, put in on the spiral’s decrease ranges.
It’s a matter of suggestion, finally as much as every individual’s personal eyes and ears. “I really feel like there are a number of entry factors,” Jones stated. “I hope there’s some poetry and feeling and nuance.”
On a frigid day just lately, Jones, who’s a vivacious and interesting conversationalist, supplied a go to to her studio in Hudson, N.Y. She moved to the city in 2018, buying a small home after dwelling as a renter for over twenty years in New York Metropolis — largely in Fort Greene, Brooklyn.
Although she has earned recognition — the Joyce Alexander Wein Prize of the Studio Museum in Harlem in 2012, and exhibitions on the Hirshhorn Museum in 2013 and the Contemporary Art Museum Houston in 2016 — her profession has not been profitable. Her gallery illustration has been intermittent, and he or she has taught part-time at Bard Faculty and the Yale College of Artwork.
She moved upstate the yr she turned 50. “It was time for a reset,” she stated. She joined the intellectual Alexander Gray Associates gallery. “Jennie’s profession is an object lesson,” stated Grey, the gallerist, “in being an genuine artist and working outdoors the framework of the market.”
Jones works alone; she even tried to make acoustic panels however reverted to purchasing them commercially — “Fiberglas is a nightmare, it’s poisonous and horrible,” she stated. She produces her sound items on the Audacity free software program, preferring to maintain the work easy, with out filters or complicated results. She paints on the ground, “listening to music and dancing round.”
Although her items for the Guggenheim had already traveled, she had hung different works that exemplified her current “leaps in supplies, and pushing and pondering of paint in numerous methods.”
She is now making use of lengths of architectural felt onto her work. “It’s one other materials to play with,” she stated. She will paint onto it, in order that it may be both floor or mark. However she can also be producing some pure work with out panels or different accouterments in any respect.
“I really like portray and I hate portray,” she stated. She lengthy felt burdened by its position within the grand narrative of artwork historical past, and extra taken with work as objects. Her new monochrome works are ones that her youthful self, she stated, may need discovered self-indulgent.
A brand new shiny pink piece introduced the “scorching glow to the fore,” she stated. “I’m crawling away from grey.” On the white underpainting for a composition in progress, she pointed to the turbulent strokes and impasto — a distinction with the self-discipline of the completed works.
“There’s this non-public expression that occurs,” she stated. “It begins extremely free and gestural, after which it’s a strategy of taking away the mark. In a way, I really feel like I can have all of it.”
There’s a related liberating at work in the way in which that Jones approaches music as a fabric.
She nonetheless refuses to name herself a musician: “I give up piano,” she stated. “I give up violin.” She prefers “faux musicologist nerd.” Although she listens and researches deeply, the epiphany that put music on the middle of her art-making got here extra merely, when some 20 years in the past she realized she put effort into choosing music to work as a lot as she did into her drawings and work.
Within the 2000s, Jones usually made small sculptures utilizing objects related to music-listening — earphones, cassette circumstances, CD racks — and drawings on these themes. However as these gadgets disappeared within the transition to digital music, she moved away from this language reasonably than domesticate it for nostalgia. Her sculpture is usually sonic now, in her site-specific audio installations.
“I really feel like my work is extra brave now,” Jones stated. “I really feel like I’m in my very own pores and skin.” However she nonetheless isn’t gunning for the mainstream. She realized from the avant-garde cats that to function from the perimeters can also be a alternative: “It’s not like I’m working on the margin as a result of I’ve been positioned there,” she stated. “As a lot as I’ve at all times been the weirdo on the periphery, I’m glad right here.”
https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/10/arts/design/jennie-c-jones-artist-guggenheim.html Jennie C. Jones, a Minimalist Who Calls Her Personal Tune