Labor will not use the controversial all-women list to select parliamentary candidates for the next general election.
HuffPost said the decision came after the party received legal advice late last year warning that the system would be “illegal” for Westminster seats as a majority of the party’s MPs are female.
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ONE paperwas reported by the news website, highlighting concerns that the short list system for all women (AWS) might not comply with the Equality Act of 2010 and citing “estimates from the Bureau of Statistics Country shows that there are now fewer men in the PLP [Parliamentary Labour Party] relative to the general population while the opposite is true for women”.
The article, released by party officials, added that if Labor “has to go to court for using AWS… the party will most likely lose”.
The party has confirmed that the practice will be dropped for the next general election, but the system will still be used for other, indeterminate elections.
How did AWS get started?
Labor first used AWS to select candidates for certain target constituencies in the 1997 election, when the party elected 101 women to parliament. Only 19 other women were elected to parliament on behalf of the remaining parties.
Labour .’s lieutenant Angela Rayner and MPs Jess Phillips and Stella Creasy – who are among the highest-ranking politicians in parliament today – were selected as constituency candidates under AWS. But this practice was controversial and the Labor Party was even judged as violated the Gender Discrimination Act 1996.
As a result, this activity stopped before the 1997 election, with only those who had been selected through the shortlist to keep their positions. It was also not used to select candidates for the 2001 general election, although a 50-50 list was used thereafter. The number of female Labor MPs then dropped to 95.
Subsequently, the Sex Discrimination Act 2002 was enacted to allow parties to use AWS “to select candidates for parliamentary, European, Scottish, Welsh and most parliamentary elections.” local government”, BBC. The practice has been used by Labor to select its parliamentary candidates for certain seats in the two decades since.
The Liberal Democrats also introduced AWS after the 2015 election, when party members “looked at themselves for a long time… and a longer look at eight white middle-class men,” who later formed the congressional party, Richard Morris said in New Chinese.
Advantages and disadvantages
AWS has been credited with leveling the gender imbalance in parliament, to the point where the Labor Party and the Lib Dems Party have female MPs. Labor has highest number of female congressmenwho make up 104 of the party’s 199 MPs (52%).
However, using AWS could “facilitate the entry of unqualified women or lead to the election of lower-level MPs,” according to political scientists Mary Nugent and Mona. Lena Krook on Blog of Audit Democracy in 2016.
That said, studies have shown that AWS can produce “better” and more ethnically diverse congressmen, Nugent and Krook added, and has reduced “the barrier for women to be elected.” prepare well to be a candidate and produce diligent and positive representatives.”
https://www.theweek.co.uk/news/politics/956008/labour-and-all-women-shortlists Labor and the end of the list of all women