The brand new moon happens on Wednesday (Oct. 6), at 7:05 a.m. EDT (1205 GMT), and that evening you would possibly see a number of meteors as effectively.
New moons occur when the moon passes between the solar and Earth. About each 29.5 days the solar and moon share the identical celestial longitude, an alignment additionally referred to as a conjunction. Celestial longitude is a projection of the Earth’s personal longitude strains on the celestial sphere. Should you drew an imaginary line from Polaris, the North Star, due south towards the solar, it could additionally hit the brand new moon.
The evening of the brand new moon brings a minor meteor shower referred to as the October Camelopardalids. The meteors are named for the constellation they seem to return from, although technically the radiant level is within the constellation Draco. The celebs of each Draco and Camelopardalis, the giraffe, are comparatively faint and onerous to see from city places, however they’re circumpolar, which suggests they by no means set in mid-northern latitudes. The radiant is highest within the sky within the morning, so the very best time to catch meteors is after midnight, in pre-dawn hours. The height charges for this meteor bathe are from one to five per hour.
Two days after the brand new moon, on Friday (Oct. 8), one other meteor bathe, referred to as the Draconids or Giacobinids, will peak. This bathe additionally has a radiant in Draco, north and east of the brilliant star Vega within the constellation Lyra, the lyre. This bathe can also be gentle, with not more than 5 to 10 meteors each hour.
Just like the Camelopardalids, the radiant by no means units from wherever north of Richmond, Virginia. That mentioned, on Oct. 8 the radiant will attain its highest level within the sky at about 5 p.m. native time, so extra meteors are prone to be seen within the hours after nightfall.
The summer time stars are setting at the moment of yr, and within the night sky on Wednesday (Oct. 6) it must be simple to identify Jupiter and Saturn within the south, with the brighter planet Jupiter on the left (from the Northern Hemisphere).
Jupiter and Saturn will probably be within the constellation Capricornus, the sea-goat, about 32 levels and 30 levels above the horizon, respectively, when seen from New York Metropolis. On the evening of the brand new moon in New York Metropolis Jupiter and Saturn set at 2:41 a.m. and 1:22 a.m. native time, respectively, based on the skywatching web site Heavens Above.
Venus, in the meantime, is an “night star” and one of many brightest objects within the evening sky. In New York Metropolis on Oct. 6 the planet units at 8:15 p.m., effectively after sundown at 6:29 p.m. native time. The planet is shiny sufficient that it is usually one of many very first “stars” to seem within the night earlier than the sky is totally darkish, nevertheless it would possibly nonetheless be a problem to identify as it is going to solely be about 15 levels above the horizon at sundown. Venus will probably be shining at magnitude -4.1, which makes it about 11 instances as shiny because the brightest star we will see: Sirius, the “Canine Star” in Canis Main (which rises at about 1:34 a.m. on Oct. 7). Because it units, Venus will probably be to the precise of the brilliant star Antares, the “coronary heart” of the constellation Scorpius, the scorpion.
Mercury and Mars, in the meantime, will probably be not possible to see, as they’re so near the solar. Mercury is approaching inferior conjunction (which occurs on Oct. 9) and Mars is approaching superior conjunction, when it’s behind the solar from the angle of Earth (this happens on Oct. 8).
Skywatchers within the Southern Hemisphere will see the planets reversed. In Melbourne, Australia, the brand new moon happens at 10:05 p.m. native time on Oct. 6. Jupiter and Saturn will probably be a lot larger within the sky than from North America; at that second Jupiter will probably be 67.4 levels above the northern horizon and Saturn will probably be 66.8 levels excessive. Saturn will probably be to the left of Jupiter.
Antipodeans may even have a neater time seeing Venus — the planet does not set till 11:16 p.m. native time in Melbourne; at sundown it has an altitude of 43 levels at sundown, which is at 7:29 p.m. on Oct. 6.
Stars and constellations
In early October, the “summer time” constellations of the zodiac — Sagittarius, Ophiuchus and Scorpius — are setting by night. Simply after sundown, at round 8 p.m., the “moist area” of the sky is distinguished to the south. The moist area is known as that as a result of so most of the constellations are water-themed; at 8 p.m. wanting south one sees Capricornus, Aquarius and Pisces (wanting from roughly southeast to west to). Slightly below Pisces is Cetus, the whale. All of those constellations are comparatively faint; none has a first-magnitude star and from city places they are often tough to see.
To the north from Aquarius you’ll be able to see the constellations of Pegasus and Andromeda, and the asterism referred to as the Nice Sq.. One nook of the sq. is Andromeda’s head, whereas the opposite three mark the wing of Pegasus, the legendary flying horse ridden by Perseus to save lots of Andromeda from a sea monster. Andromeda’s rescuer, Perseus, is rising within the northeast by 8 p.m. native time.
From Andromeda’s head one can hint two strains of stars and discover the Andromeda Galaxy, which could be noticed from a dark-sky web site with the bare eye as a dim smudge of sunshine; by way of a pair of binoculars the spiral form turns into evident.
Nearer to the southern horizon one can see Fomalhaut, the brightest star in Piscis Austrinus, the Southern Fish. Fomalhaut is a first-magnitude star that can also be one of many solar’s close to neighbors, “solely” 25 light-years away.
In the meantime, mid-latitude Southern Hemisphere observers will see the Southern Cross within the south-southwest simply after sundown. The Cross will probably be simply to the left of the Centaur, house to Alpha Centauri. Alpha Centauri is kind of shiny and in a form of cluster of shiny stars in that area of the sky — one can discover it utilizing the Southern Cross and tracing a line throughout the “spar” of the cross to the north.
Wanting southeast after sundown, one will see the constellation of Eridanus, the river, and the star Achernar which marks its southern finish — the opposite finish of the constellation is close to the constellation Orion, the hunter, which can rise simply earlier than midnight. By about 10 p.m. in mid-southern latitudes Canopus will probably be excessive sufficient to simply see; the star is circumpolar from Melbourne or Wellington, New Zealand, however earlier within the night it hugs the horizon.
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https://www.house.com/17561-new-moon-explained-lunar-phases.html | October new moon 2021: See Jupiter, Saturn and a minor meteor bathe within the moonless sky