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Outside of Ukraine: major conflicts in the world

Although the war in Ukraine is the center of attention, other conflicts continue to ravage the globe, with hundreds of thousands of people suffering and dying. These are just some of them.

Myanmar

After the NLD party, led by Aung San Suu Kyi, won the general election in November 2020, there was a military coup in February 2021. The armed forces sided with the opposition, which claimed widespread fraud in the vote. The Election Commission has denied this claim.

Activists formed the Civil Disobedience Campaign. Their strikes and mass protests against the coup were met with real fire, water cannons and rubber bullets from the army.

“What started as civil disobedience has now turned into a basically civil war across Myanmar,” BBC. Militia forces attacked military convoys and assassinated officials. In return, the regime has waged violent reprisals, including torturing and killing civilians. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has accused the security forces of a “reign of terror”.

Overall casualty estimates vary widely. The Association to Support Political Prisoners says 1,503 people have been killed, but the US-based Acled, which compiles figures from publications of human rights organizations and news, says up to 12,000 people have died. dead body.

Yemen

The war in Yemen is widely considered to have turned one of the world’s poorest countries into a humanitarian disaster, with hundreds of thousands of people believed to have died.

Yemen has been troubled by civil wars for decades, note Guardiansbut the current conflict erupted when a Saudi-led coalition intervened on behalf of the government against the Houthi rebels, who were affiliated with former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, toppled in the Spring Arabic.

The Houthis, who support the Zaidi Shia Muslim minority in Yemen, took control of their northern central Saada province in early 2014 and then began moving south.

The BBC notes that many ordinary Yemenis – including Sunnis – have begun to support them, and by 2015 the rebels had seized the capital Sanaa. Saleh’s successor, Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi, fled to Riyadh.

Saudi Arabia was horrified by the march by a group it said was supported militarily by the regional Shia power and rival Iran. Saudi Arabia and eight other predominantly Sunni Arab states have begun an air campaign to defeat the Houthis, end Tehran’s influence in Yemen and restore Hadi to power.

Saudi officials predict that it will only last a few weeks but seven years the fighting will continue. Last month, Campaign Against Arms Trafficking It is estimated that the war in Yemen has resulted in some 377,000 deaths, while many more have died of hunger and disease during the humanitarian crisis caused by the war. The conflict escalated in January when a Houthi drone attack hit oil and gas facilities in the United Arab Emirates.

Guardians said that the UK government provided the bombs dropped on Yemen, as well as “the personnel and expertise to keep the war going”. Earlier this month, the UN accused the British government of impose a “death sentence” on Yemen by drastically cutting British aid to the impoverished nation.

Tigray

Fighting between the Ethiopian government and forces in northern Tigray . region caused thousands of deaths and another 350,000 to live in starvation, BBC.

It began in November 2020, when Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a military strike against regional forces in Tigray, following an attack on a military base.

However, the root of the problem lingers back. Tigray’s dominant political party was at the center of power for nearly 30 years but was sidelined by Abiy after he took office in 2018.

Abiy accused Tigray’s leaders of corruption and repression. In turn, they saw his reforms as an attempt to centralize power and destroy Ethiopia’s federal system, which had existed since 1994.

After the attack on the base, which Abiy blamed on Tigray’s forces, he ordered a military attack in the northern Tigray area and promised that the conflict would be resolved quickly. Instead, say CNNhe is “presiding over a protracted civil war” that, according to many, “bears the mark of genocide”.

Israel / Palestine

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has particularly focused on Gaza since Hamas took control of the area in 2007. There have been several skirmishes between Israel and Gaza, most recently in 2021when at least 255 people died, most of them Palestinians.

The broader conflict lasted for decades, until the establishment of the state of Israel in 1949. Jews consider the land their traditional homeland but Arabs live there and in other countries. Neighbors feel differently. Thousands of Palestinians either fled or were driven out, eventually reaching Gaza and the West Bank. Tensions rose further in 1967, when Israel occupied those two areas of Palestine.

Efforts to reach a peace agreement have encountered a number of obstacles, including Israel’s demand for Palestinians to accept its right to exist, the fate of Jerusalem and the future of Palestinian refugees. More than 4.6 million Palestinian refugees and their descendants, many living in camps in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon.

Consequences of the war in Afghanistan

After 20 years of conflict that has left tens of thousands dead and millions displaced, the Taliban win when it captured Kabul on 15 August 2021.

In 2001, after the 9/11 attacks, the US invaded and removed the Taliban from power when the group refused to hand over Osama bin Laden, the man believed to be responsible for the terror.

The militant group returned to power last year, when US and allied forces withdrew from Afghanistan following a deal between Washington and the Taliban.

While this closes the bloody chapter of the nation’s history, last month the United Nations said the worsening humanitarian situation had left more than 20 million people in need of assistance. David Miliband, now chairman of the International Rescue Committee, told BBC that nine million people (including one million children) in Afghanistan are currently in a state of complete starvation.

https://www.theweek.co.uk/news/world-news/956100/beyond-ukraine-the-major-conflicts-around-the-world Outside of Ukraine: major conflicts in the world

Fry Electronics Team

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