How does the Ukrainian army prepare for war?
Ukraine’s armed forces outnumbered and were defeated by Russia, but when Russia embarks on a large-scale invasion, military experts say they will be able to withstand considerable resistance and cause casualties. heavy.
Ukraine’s military is also better trained and equipped than it was in 2014, when Russia took the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine without fighting, and is seen by many as highly motivated to defend the country’s heartland. country.
Here are some details about the Ukrainian military.
How do the numbers look like?
In terms of manpower and weapons, numerology looks grim for Ukraine.
Most estimates by military experts put the number of Russian troops near Russia’s border with Ukraine at more than 100,000.
Russia has also moved some troops to Belarus, north of Ukraine, for exercises.
According to the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), the Russian military has about 280,000 troops and a combined armed force of about 900,000, while Ukraine’s 2,840 battle tanks outnumber Ukraine’s from 3 to 1, according to the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
The Prime Minister of Ukraine said that a decree just signed by Zelenskiy – on priority measures to strengthen the state’s defense capabilities, increase the attractiveness of military service and gradually transition to the professional army – is finally will bring Ukraine’s armed forces to 361,000.
Although Ukraine has tripled its defense budget in real terms between 2010 and 2020, its total defense spending in 2020 will only amount to $4.3 billion, or one-tenth of that Russia.
Military analysts say Ukraine’s air and anti-missile defenses are weak, making the country very vulnerable to Russian attacks on its vital infrastructure.
They say Russia will also seek to use its superiority in electronic warfare to cripple an adversary’s command and control and cut off communications with units on the ground.
How experienced are Ukrainian forces?
Ukraine’s forces have gained combat experience in the Donbass region in the east of the country, where they have been fighting Russian-backed separatists since 2014, and are highly motivated.
They also have short-range air defense systems and anti-tank weapons, including the US-supplied Javelin missiles, which could help slow Russia’s advance.
In addition to the regular army, Ukraine has volunteer units to defend the territory and about 900,000 reservists.
Most adult males have basic military training, so Russia could face stubborn and protracted resistance if it tries to capture and hold territory.
The military challenge will be incomparably higher than in previous wars Russia has fought since the fall of the Soviet Union, including the breakaway battle of Chechnya in the 1990s and against Georgia in 2008.
AFP via Getty Images)
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