That is great news for those of us interested in the Endurance 22 expedition: on 9 March it was announced that the expedition leaders had located the 144-foot wooden ship. foot, three masts; 106 years passed. It was found at a depth of 3 km, in the Weddell Sea, east of the Antarctic Peninsula and 6.5 km south of its final location, as noted by Captain Frank Worsley in 1915.
His year is the 100th anniversary of Ernest Shackleton’s death on January 5, 1922. He died during his last Antarctic expedition and was buried there at the request of his wife.
John Shears, leader of Endurance22, tells how they made polar history with the discovery of Endurance and the completion of the world’s most challenging shipwreck search.
The search area spans over 390 square kilometers and was made possible with $10 million (9.1 million euros) given to the expedition by an unnamed sponsor. A polar research vessel, SA Agulhas II, with two submersibles, searches the seabed twice a day for six hours each and by sonar. It took four weeks to find the ship when the crew sailed from South Africa on 5 February – an amazingly short time.
Any team would be thrilled to see Endurance’s name on the stern. The ship is very well preserved – there are no wood-eating creatures in those icy seas. Meanwhile, there is a symbol in the big star under its name. The ship was launched in Norway in 1912. It was previously named Polaris, which means “pole star”, so the star was placed underneath.
The significance of its being found is that it was part of the 1914-17 Shackleton expedition to the South Pole. Once trapped in the ice, her crew and captain and Shackleton survived the terrible conditions and all 27 men and Shackleton returned home. This was made possible thanks to the immense courage of Shackleton and some of his crew who sought help in a small wooden boat through 720 nautical miles (1,333km) of rough, mountainous and closed seas. tape for help.
It has been described by historian Dan Snow, who was on the expedition, as the greatest survival story in history.
Shackleton and his crew would be proud of this generation who located their lost ship. Endurance is a historic site under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty and cannot be moved or disturbed. I’m looking forward to Dan Snow’s documentary about it.
Mary Sullivan, College Road, Cork
The man of God has reminders of our duty
Will Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, head of the Russian Orthodox Church and close friend of Vladimir Putin, follow the example of the assassinated Archbishop Oscar Romero of San Salvador and call for military ranks and records Russia it?
In the words of Dr. Romero, who was shot dead while celebrating Mass in 1980: “Brothers and sisters, you are killing your own brothers and sisters. When you are faced with an order to kill someone given you, God’s law must apply, the law that says you must not kill innocent people.
“No soldier is obliged to obey orders contrary to God’s law.
“In the name of God and in the name of this suffering man the cry goes to Heaven, more and more every day, I beg you, I pray to you, I command you, in the name of God, to stop oppression and killing. ”
Brendan Butler, Malahide, Co Dublin
Political correctness surpasses common sense
Very well, Martina Devlin, for pointing out that the EU is once again speaking from both sides (‘Austere your belts and help end Putin’s barbaric bombing of the Ukrainians’, Irish independenceMarch 11).
While condemning Russia’s barbarism in Ukraine, EU countries are paying Putin more than 700 million euros a day in gas money alone. The hypocrisy doesn’t end there. On Thursday morning, the European Parliament voted 478 to 155 to impose immediate financial sanctions on Poland and Hungary.
Both states refuse to implement gay and transgender freedom policies in their schools.
However, so far Poland has received 1.2 million Ukrainian refugees and 191,348 Hungarians – despite being among the poorest EU countries.
It seems that the political correctness of the EU has once again transcended common sense.
Karl Martin, Dublin 13
The power to overthrow Putin belongs to the Russian people
The past two weeks have been the most terrifying weeks since World War II. The sanctions imposed by the West on Putin will take time to have an impact. However, the discontent of the Russian middle class at the inability to use Mastercard and Visa cards to buy essential services and luxuries could be a stepping stone to toppling Putin.
The widespread discontent that leads to massive protests across Russia will put Putin under enormous pressure and could lead to him being stripped of power by his own people. Putin’s war crimes, human rights violations and treason could then be presented to the Russian State Duma before being confirmed by Russia’s supreme court. Putin will then be impeached by the Council of the Russian Federation.
The power to overthrow Putin belongs mainly to 146 million Russians.
The fact that he fired 8 generals shows that he is panicking and paranoid, and most of all frustrated that his fight will not go according to plan.
The displeasure of the masses of ordinary Russians must be immediately obeyed. Power is in the people.
Kieran O’Regan, Dublin 9
From history, a little consolation in dark times
I CANNOT get these words out of my head, from the Richard Attenborough movie Gandhi: “When I despair, I remember that throughout history, truth and love have always won.
“There have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time they seemed invincible, but in the end they always fell.
“Think about it, always.” Mahatma gandhi.
Brian Mc Devitt, Glenties, Co Donegal
Send referee and give peace chance
AS an Irish citizen I believe the best course of action in Ukraine is to appoint an independent arbitral panel.
Once appointments have been made and agreed to by both sides, a ceasefire should be declared immediately.
Unless there is a real effort to end this conflict, it could quickly turn into a Third World War.
Give peace a chance.
Imelda Kearney, View of Whitechurch, Dublin 1
For the sake of peat, there must be a better solution
ALMOST 40,000 tons of peat, including briquetting coal, were imported in the first seven months of last year.
Peat comes from eight different countries. The decision to close our factory is our contribution to alleviating climate change.
The countries exporting to us, according to the Department of Agriculture, are Northern Ireland (36,714 tons), the Netherlands (1,112 tons), Great Britain (901 tons),
Germany (415 tons), Lithuania (214 tons), Ukraine (55 tons) and Belarus
It shows that from January to July 2021, a total of 39,443 tons, worth 6.7 million euros, were imported.
Bricks made in Germany and the Baltic countries are now appearing in fuel stores.
With Russia withdrawing oil and gas from these countries and uncertainty about future fuel supplies, our ‘gesture’ on climate change should be reversed.
Reopen Bord Na Mána coal factory and let us produce our own horticultural peat.
Hugh Duffy, Cleggan, Co Galway
Patronus of Ireland – and ancient jokes
MARY Kenny’s article on St. Patrick (‘As we celebrate St. Patrick’s Day, we must be careful not to exclude the man himself’, Irish independenceMarch 9th) reminds me of the snake asking as it chases them out: “Have we arrived yet?”
Tom Gilsenan, Beaumont, Dublin 9
https://www.independent.ie/opinion/letters/shackleton-would-be-proud-of-these-efforts-to-locate-endurance-at-the-bottom-of-the-world-41437873.html Shackleton would be proud of these efforts to locate Endurance at the bottom of the world