So much confusion amidst the horrors of the Ukraine war

It seems that amidst the horrors of war we are lost in translation Ukraine.

All towns and villages have been bombed incessantly and millions of vulnerable women, sick, disabled and terminally ill children and the infirm are in imminent danger of starvation, mental illness, human trafficking and cultural genocide.

Some experts consider these atrocities to be war crimes, and the mayor of Kyiv says genocide was committed Wladimir Putinis Russia.

Can someone explain me the difference between war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide? And what are the chances of bringing those responsible for such atrocious crimes to justice?

dr Munjed Farid Al Qutob

London, United Kingdom

Self-interest wins while individuals stay dry

In the past two years, the government has ripped open the rules and limits of welfare payments for some, creating grants and supports for businesses outside the norm. Welfare measures have been cut while many of the business grants and supports remain.

With TDs in revolt over the planned increase in the CO2 tax due in May (“€200 electricity subsidy will be wiped out in just one bill”, Irish IndependentApril 2nd), judging by your various articles over the last week, most citizens are in a precarious position.

With growing concerns about rising prices and rising poverty, the government is focusing on relief efforts in different sectors of society that benefit the few rather than the many.

It is time for citizen-centred government policies to replace the current dysfunctional, degrading and inefficient welfare system with a universal basic income of €350 per week, giving all citizens the autonomy to manage their own affairs.

Hugh McDermott

Co Leitrim

Leaving cert reforms will be of great benefit to students

The demand for a revision of the final certificate has been growing for some time.

Minister of Education Norma Foley has certainly answered the call with a progressive and exciting reform package entitled Equity and Excellence for All: where the student is in the center of their Senior Cycle experience.

When implemented, these reforms will enrich students’ educational experience, ensure their well-being, reduce their stress levels, and protect their mental health. The reforms will result in a much broader curriculum, promoting students’ interests and abilities.

The new Leaving Cert offers a multi-faceted assessment process that better prepares students for higher education, continuing education, apprenticeships, internships and ultimately the world of work. A key attraction of the reforms is the allocation of 40 percent to valuation components. The problem of teachers judging their own students will be difficult to convey, but hopefully a solution that is satisfactory to all concerned can be reached.

The reforms cater to students who work consistently throughout the two-year Leaving Cert cycle, motivated by the knowledge that 40 pieces of the exam will be completed before completing the remaining 60 pieces of written work.

The reforms will make it a more inclusive, student-centred and reliable performance measurement tool in the Leaving Cert.

Billy Ryle

Co. Kerry

There are two nations on this island – Unity will not work

Is it possible that Irish Independent Letter writers who confidently say that the answer to Ireland’s uncertain territorial status is for the country to simply ‘unite’ haven’t given it a minute’s thought?

First of all, there are over a million citizens of Northern Ireland who profess to be British and wish to remain under British administration. That means it’s not just a matter of majority voting, and not all who identify as Irish in the north would want to join the southern state.

In addition, we in the Republic voted to eliminate the claim to sovereignty over the entire island through our rejection of Articles 2 and 3 of our Constitution, which made that claim. It’s not as easy as Noel Harrington suggests (“Unionists not content to have same rights as every other”, lettersMarch 29).

That existing unionist populations in Northern Ireland need only sign the dotted line and come to its new Ireland, where they will even enjoy “equal rights” once Sinn Féin prevails, is the future, he says. How nice for everyone who believes in such fairy tales. There are two nations on this island and there always will be.

Robert Sullivan

Bantry, Co. Cork So much confusion amidst the horrors of the Ukraine war

Fry Electronics Team

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