THE rare disease monkeypox has characteristics similar to human smallpox, although it is not as dangerous.
The monkeypox virus is not seen very often, but it can cause fear of spread when it does occur.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
People who contract monkeypox usually don’t show any symptoms for at least five days.
But it could take as long as 13 or even 21 days for the signs to be apparent.
This time is called the “incubation period”.
The infection causes two periods of illness. In the first phase, up to five days, patients may suffer:
- A high temperature – 38 ° C or higher.
- Muscle cramp
- back pain
- swollen glands
In phase two of the disease, the skin begins to erupt—usually within one to three days of the fever.
This has the more visible symptoms recognizable as monkeypox
A monkeypox rash usually starts one to five days after the first symptoms appear, says the NHS.
Spots often start on the face before spreading to other parts of the body.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the rash mainly affects the face (95 percent of cases) and hands (75 percent).
During the illness, the rash changes from raised red bumps to fluid-filled patches.
The patches eventually erupt and form crusts that later fall off.
Is monkeypox deadly?
You can get monkeypox by touching an infected person’s spots or scabs, as well as their clothing or bedding.
It can also be transmitted through sneezing and coughing.
However, the probability of transmission of the virus to humans is considered to be low.
Usually someone gets the virus through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected animal – which has never happened in the UK.
Monkeypox usually lasts two to four weeks and may get better without treatment.
Severe cases are more common in children.
Complications of monkeypox can occur – some fatal.
These include secondary infections such as sepsis, encephalitis, and infections of the cornea that lead to vision loss.
According to the WHO, up to one in ten sufferers die, mostly in younger people.
No one is known to have died from the disease in the UK.
What should I do if I have monkeypox?
In the UK, if someone is found to have monkeypox they will need to be treated in a specialist hospital such as: B. The Specialist Unit for Infectious Diseases of the Royal Free Hospital.
dr Colin Brown, Director of Clinical and Emerging Infections, UKHSA, said: “It is important to stress that monkeypox does not spread easily between people and the overall risk to the general public is very low.
“We are working with NHS England and NHS Improvement (NHSEI) to contact those who were in close contact with the case before their infection was confirmed, to assess them and provide advice where necessary.
“UKHSA and the NHS have well established and robust infection control procedures for dealing with cases of imported infectious diseases and these are strictly followed.”
If you suspect you or someone you know has been in contact with someone with monkeypox, call the NHS on 111.
Minimize contact with other people if you suspect you have monkeypox and contact a healthcare professional.
https://www.thesun.ie/health/7124960/monkeypox-symptoms/ The 8 Symptoms of Monkeypox You Need to Know