The mystery of Egypt’s ‘perfect’ pyramids could be solved as scientists unveil a ‘lost ancient secret’

A MYSTERY about how the ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid of Giza 4,500 years ago may finally have been solved.

It turns out that the long-lost civilization transported the huge stones used to build the monument through an intricate series of canals.

The ancient Egyptians are believed to have intentionally flooded the land around the pyramids to help them transport heavy building materials

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The ancient Egyptians are believed to have intentionally flooded the land around the pyramids to help them transport heavy building materialsCredit: Handout
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built around 4,500 years ago

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The Great Pyramid of Giza was built around 4,500 years agoPhoto credit: Splash

The bricks, weighing two to three tons, were placed on boats and transported up the waterways connected to the Nile.

Archaeologists have long pondered how the Egyptians moved the blocks of granite used to build the pyramids.

They are believed to have been removed at least six miles from a quarry south of Giza near Cairo.

Without the help of machines, it was previously thought that huge sleds were used to pull the blocks across the desert.

Now scientists have found evidence that a long-lost Nile canal flowed near the Great Pyramid of Giza.

The so-called Khufu branch was used to transport the 2.3 million blocks to erect the structures before it was built around 600 BC. B.C. dried up.

An intricate series of canals and basins dug into the canal allowed stones to be transported to pyramids, temples, and other structures.

Annual floods filled the waterways, creating a port complex at the foot of the Giza Plateau, researchers wrote in their paper.

“The Pyramids of Giza originally overlooked a now-defunct arm of the Nile,” wrote the team, led by Hader Sheisha of the University of Aix-Marseille in France.

“This river channel, the Khufu branch, provided navigation to the Pyramid Harbor complex.”

Archaeologists have long theorized that the blocks from which Giza was built made most of their journey down the Nile.

However, the exact nature of the waterway system used has long been a mystery.

To study this, the researchers analyzed rock layers surrounding the pyramids as well as ancient pollen samples collected nearby.

This allowed them to see the timeline and flow of the Khufu branch to determine that its levels were once high enough to reach Giza.

The port complex served the pyramids of Khufu, Chephren and Menkaure, and is 7 km (4.3 miles) west of present time.

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The bays had to be deep enough to keep barges laden with huge rocks afloat.

Without this arm of the river, it would have been impossible to build the pyramids thousands of years ago, researchers wrote.

Around 600 BC The Khufu branch dried up due to changing environmental conditions and finally cut off the waterways.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only wonder of the ancient world still standing today.

It is the largest pyramid ever built, 482 feet high and 754 feet on each side.

The tomb is attributed to Khufu or Cheops, a pharaoh of ancient Egypt from 2,620 to 2,580 BC

It took 100,000 men 20 years to build and would have been a challenge to build even with modern technology.

Exactly how the Egyptians managed it was a mystery for decades, as there is only one first-hand record of construction.

The research was published in the journal PNAS.

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https://www.thesun.ie/tech/9347379/mystery-egypts-pyramids-solved-scientists/ The mystery of Egypt’s ‘perfect’ pyramids could be solved as scientists unveil a ‘lost ancient secret’

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