The United Nations want to ensure that every person on earth has early warning of catastrophic weather events. It has set itself the goal of achieving this goal within five years Notice this week. Early warning systems are badly needed to save lives as climate change makes extreme weather conditions worse, UN officials said.
Such systems include technologies to forecast dangerous weather systems and the ability to share those forecasts with the public so they can take precautions against storms, floods, heat waves and droughts. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), one in three people in the world is still not protected by early warning systems.
“This is unacceptable, especially given the worsening climate impact,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a video statement for World Meteorology Day on 23. Every tenth of a degree of global warming leads to greater risks — more extreme storms, floods, heat waves, droughts and fire seasons.
The planet has already begun to see some devastating effects changes. According to a 2021, the number of recorded climate, weather or water-related disasters has increased by a factor of five in the last 50 years report from the WMO. Such a disaster has cost an average of 115 lives and $202 million in damage every day during that period.
According to the WMO, many of those who lack early warning systems live in places that are also among the hardest hit by the climate crisis. This includes small island developing states, where rising sea levels can also make flooding and storm surges more dangerous. Inequality in access to early warning is also greater in Africa, where 60 per cent of the continent’s population is uninsured.
The WMO called for US$1.5 billion to be invested in early warning systems over the next five years, particularly in countries where the need is greatest. The agency expects a large return on this investment. Every $800 million spent on such systems contributes Avoid up to $16 billion in damages every year in developing countries, the agency says. Not only are forecasters giving people more time to prepare and seek shelter, but they can even predict a storm’s path and pinpoint which communities may need help the most.
The benefits are also evident in lives saved over the past fifty years. Although weather- and climate-related disasters have become more frequent, the number of related deaths has actually dropped threefold, the WMO says, thanks to more accurate weather forecasts and proactive efforts to coordinate disaster relief.
Early warning systems in Bangladesh credited helping prevent thousands of deaths during cyclones. A cyclone killed 138,000 people there in 1991, sparking efforts to better prepare for storms. policy changes improved weather forecast and the way in which this information has been shared with the public. Bangladesh also set up disaster management councils and committees and built more protection infrastructure such as cyclone shelters. When Cyclone Fani struck in 2019, less than 20 people in Bangladesh lost their lives.
To achieve its goal of planetary coverage for early warning systems, the United Nations commissioned the WMO to create a plan this year. The WMO will present its plan in November during the next major United Nations climate change conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.
https://www.theverge.com/2022/3/25/22996059/united-nations-early-warning-systems-extreme-weather-climate-disasters The UN plans to extend weather warning systems to everyone on Earth