While Ukraine claimed to have regained control of all areas around Kyiv, the Russian withdrawal is said to have unearthed evidence of atrocities against civilians.
In Bucha, one of 30 towns and villages said to have been retaken from Ukraine, the mayor said 280 victims lay in mass graves and claimed that at least 20 men were reportedly in civilian clothes, their bodies lying in a single street “were shot, killed, in the back of the head”.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy joined Kyiv Mayor Vitali Klitschko in accusing Russia of genocide and calling Vladimir Putin’s war “the annihilation of the entire nation and people.”
As Russia regrouped for attacks farther east, rocket attacks could be heard in the key southern port city of Odessa on Sunday, with a regional official saying “critical infrastructure facilities” were hit.
The Russian Defense Ministry claimed its missiles destroyed an oil refinery and three fuel depots used to supply Ukrainian troops near Mykolaiv.
Russia’s unprovoked bloody invasion of Ukraine amounts to “genocide,” President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said on Sunday
Speaking to Face the Nation host Margaret Brennan on CBS News, the President of Ukraine was asked head-on about whether Russian forces are deliberately killing civilians in his country.
“Is this genocide?” Ms. Brennan asked.
“Indeed. This is genocide,” the Ukrainian president replied.
He went on to say that his country is facing the “elimination” of its nationality and system of government.
Meanwhile, residents of Ukraine’s beleaguered southeast coast waited for a possible evacuation on Sunday, as the country’s president said Russia’s obsession with seizing a key port city had weakened it and created opportunities for its troops.
It came as Russia said its military had attacked an oil processing plant and fuel depots around the strategic Black Sea port of Odessa.
Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov said Russian ships and planes fired missiles to hit facilities he said were used to supply Ukrainian troops with fuel near Mykolaiv.
Major General Konashenkov said Russian attacks also destroyed ammunition depots in Kostyantynivka and Khresyshche.
In an audio message released by Italy’s Ansa news agency, Italian photographer Carlo Orlandi said Odessa was woken up at 5.45am on Sunday by military sirens, immediately followed by the sounds of bombs falling on the port city from two planes.
He described a column of dark smoke rising from the targets and flames emanating from the buildings.
“What we can see is a thick wall of dark smoke and explosion after explosion,” he said.
With Mariupol east of Odessa right in Russia’s crosshairs, Ukraine insists it won elsewhere in the country, prompting troops to retake areas north of the capital Kyiv as Russian forces pulled out.
“Ukraine has gained invaluable time, time that allows us to thwart enemy tactics and weaken their capabilities,” President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said late Saturday.
But in Mariupol, which has been surrounded by Russian forces for more than a month and has suffered some of the worst attacks of the war, conditions remain dire and the prospects of escape uncertain.
About 100,000 people are believed to remain in the Sea of Azov city, less than a quarter of the pre-war population of 430,000, and acute shortages of water, food, fuel and medicines remain.
Many still in Mariupol are waiting for the fulfillment of promises that will help them get to safety. Among those trying to get residents out was the International Committee of the Red Cross, which still had not reached the city on Saturday, a day after local authorities said it had been blocked by Russian forces.
Some residents fled on their own, including Tamila Mazurenko, who reached Zaporizhzhia, a town still under Ukrainian control that has served as a hub for other evacuations.
“I just have one question: why?” she said of her city’s ordeal. “Our normal life has been destroyed. And we lost everything. I don’t have a job, I can’t find my son.”
Mariupol is in the predominantly Russian-speaking Donbass region, where Moscow-backed separatists have been battling Ukrainian forces for eight years. Its capture would create an uninterrupted land corridor from Russia to Crimea, which Moscow seized from Ukraine in 2014.
As Ukrainian troops cautiously advanced to retake territory north of Kyiv, the country and its western allies said Russia is building its strength in eastern Ukraine. Where Russian troops are retreating, Ukraine said it will continue its attacks and shell and target them if they retreat.
“Peace will not be the result of decisions made by the enemy somewhere in Moscow. There is no reason to harbor empty hopes that they will simply leave our country. We can achieve peace only through fighting,” said President Zelenskyy.
Mr. Zelensky claimed that when Russian troops moved, they left mines around houses, abandoned equipment and even the bodies of the dead.
In Bucha, northwest of Kyiv, Associated Press journalists observed Ukrainian soldiers, supported by a column of tanks and other armored vehicles, using cables to drag bodies remotely off a road, fearing they might be booby-trapped be. Locals said the dead — AP counted at least six — were civilians killed without provocation by retreating Russian soldiers.
Signs of bitter fighting were everywhere in the cities around Kyiv after the Russian transfer. Destroyed armored vehicles from both armies lay on roads and fields along with scattered military equipment.
Ukrainian troops were stationed at the entrance to Antonov Airport in the suburb of Hostomel and demonstrated control of the runway that Russia attempted to storm in the early days of the war.
The head of Ukraine’s delegation in talks with Russia said Moscow’s negotiators had informally agreed to most of a draft proposal discussed at face-to-face talks in Istanbul this week, but no written confirmation had been provided.
However, Davyd Arakhamia said on Ukrainian TV that he hopes this draft is sufficiently developed for the two countries’ presidents to meet to discuss it.
Even as glimmers of hope for Ukraine appeared in some places, Zelenskyy said he expected cities abandoned by Russian forces to endure missile and rocket attacks from afar and that the battle in the east would be intense.
In his evening address on Saturday, he urged his people to do whatever it takes to ensure the country’s survival, even acts as simple as showing one another kindness.
“When a nation is defending itself in a war of annihilation, when the life or death of millions is at stake, there are no unimportant things… And everyone can contribute to a victory for all,” said Zelenskyy.
“Some with guns in hand. Some through work. And some with a warm word and help at the right moment. Do everything you can so that we stand together in this war for our freedom, for our independence.”
https://www.independent.ie/world-news/this-is-a-genocide-says-zelensky-as-russian-war-on-ukraine-described-as-elimination-of-a-nation-41516003.html “This is genocide,” says Zelenskyy, while calling Russia’s war against Ukraine “the annihilation of a nation.”