High blood sugar warnings take many forms for people with diabetes – with two serious signs found in the mouth.
Having a dry mouth or “fruity” breath could be a sign that you need medical treatment.
Both are signs of hyperglycemia – when blood sugar spikes.
More specifically, it is a symptom of diabetic ketoacidosis, possibly due to hyperglycemia and high ketone levels.
This happens in diabetics when the body starts to run out of insulin and harmful substances called ketones build up as fat is broken down for energy.
It is more likely to affect type 1 diabetics, and can be life-threatening if not detected and treated quickly.
Symptoms also include the need to urinate more than usual, abdominal pain, confusion, and feeling drowsy.
The NHS describes “fruity” breath that smells like pear candy, or nail polish.
Symptoms usually begin within a 24-hour period, but they can happen more quickly.
If you have diabetes, several things can make diabetic ketoacidosis more likely, including:
- have an infection, such as the flu or a urinary tract infection (UTI)
- not following your treatment plan, such as missing insulin doses
- trauma or surgery
- taking certain medications, such as steroids
- drink alcohol
- illegal drug use
- I am on my period
Hyperglycemia is the medical term for high blood sugar (glucose) levels. It is a common problem for people with diabetes.
It can affect people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as pregnant women with gestational diabetes.
It can sometimes affect people without diabetes, but usually only affects people who are seriously ill, such as those who have recently had a stroke or heart attack, or have a severe infection.
Hyperglycemia should not be confused with hypoglycemia, which is when a person’s blood sugar drops too low.
Diabetes is a condition caused by high levels of glucose – or sugar – in the blood.
Glucose levels are too high because the body cannot use it properly.
In people diagnosed with diabetes, their pancreas does not produce any insulin or does not produce enough insulin.
https://www.thesun.ie/health/8155911/diabetes-signs-high-blood-sugar/ Two signs in your mouth including ‘fruity’ breath could warn of high blood sugar