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US forces return to combat as allies struggle to subdue ISIS fighters

HASAKA, Syria – U.S. and Kurdish forces battled ISIS fighters in northeastern Syria on Saturday, in the fiercest urban fighting involving American troops in Iraq or Syria since the organization The self-proclaimed ISIS organization collapsed in 2019.

Fighting has spilled into Hasaka’s residential areas near where Kurdish forces are trying to subdue the last ISIS fighters barricaded in a prison during a week-long siege.

Several dozen bodies, some wearing orange overalls, were seen on Saturday being carried away by Kurdish militia near al-Sinaa prison, a sign of the scale of fighting in recent days. .

An official with the Syrian Democratic Forces, a Kurdish militia, said clearance operations were continuing in the Ghweran area around the prison in search of IS cells. The Kurdish-led counter-terrorism force backed by US Special Operations troops went door-to-door in the narrow alleys of the residential area of ​​the Arab-majority city.

Kurdish forces hurled flash grenades at homes they believe ISIS fighters are hiding as residents gather on the streets.

This round of fighting began eight days ago after an ISIS attack on a prison that holds more than 3,000 ISIS members and nearly 700 juveniles.

About 30 ISIS fighters surrendered on Friday, but the remaining fighters in the prison are believed to be holding underage prisoners as human shields, the Syrian Democratic Forces said.

Farhad Shami, an SDF spokesman, said: “We think there are children of the Caliphate with them.

He added: “They are using those children to prevent our forces from conducting serious military operations.

The SDF gave conflicting information about the siege. On Wednesday, they announced they had regained full control of the prison after the United States launched air strikes and sent armored combat vehicles to help retake the complex. On Thursday, it became clear that fighting with gunmen barricaded in prison buildings continued.

By Saturday, there were growing signs that the battle was much fiercer than initially reported.

On the edge of the Ghweran neighborhood, where the prison is located, The New York Times journalists saw at least 80 bodies being transported in a pickup truck from the direction of the prison and piled up on the street. The Kurdish fighters lifted them one by one into the shovel of a yellow front loader, transferring them to a 40-foot gravel truck for burial.

Some of the bodies were dressed in orange prison jumpsuits while others wore civilian clothing, which is also the uniform of prisoners at the detention facility. Almost all the corpses were intact and tumor-free, many of their faces and bodies blackened with soot.

A distraught boxer yelled at a Times photographer not to take pictures.

“We know this isn’t true, but there’s a lot of it,” he said.

Hasaka, in the Kurdish-led breakaway region of Rojava, is surrounded by hostile Syrian forces and the Turkish-backed army that is occupying northwestern Syria.

The region is grappling with existential security threats, lack of infrastructure and near financial collapse. Foreign countries have refused to repatriate ISIS fighters and their families, making Rojava a haven for remnants of the self-proclaimed ISIS organization, which includes thousands of accused fighters and tens of thousands of members. their family.

Local authorities in Rojava have long warned that they do not have the resources or capacity to run safe prisons and detention camps.

The United States maintains about 700 troops in Rojava as part of the US-led anti-ISIS coalition. But until the prison siege, most American forces conducted relatively routine missions to avoid the presence of Russian troops in the same area.

The SDF said Saturday that 13 of its fighters had been killed retaking the prison and defending the area, though that number could be higher. It has not released figures on the number of prisoners killed in the fighting.

An official with the US-led coalition, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak publicly, said it would take time to determine how many IS fighters have been killed in the recent fighting.

SDF officials said prisoners under the age of 18 had been moved to a new location. The minors were brought to Syria at an early age with their parents.

An official with the YPG, the main Kurdish faction, said most of the ISIS fighters still barricaded in the prison surrendered Friday night after Kurdish-led forces stormed the building.

“They told us they surrendered and then one by one rushed out and put their guns on the ground,” said Siyamend Ali, YPG communications director. He said some people have belted themselves out.

Hasaka has been locked down since his prison break on January 20. Shops are closed and temporary housing complexes housed families displaced by fighting. In some areas there was no electricity or running water for more than a week.

In the Ghweran neighborhood on Saturday, a group of men and boys stood in an alleyway down the street from US and Kurdish armored vehicles.

“It’s an unbelievably bad situation,” said one worker identified only by his name, Mohammad, because he was afraid to talk about ISIS. “The neighborhood has not been completely cleared yet and ISIS is using the rooftops to jump from house to house.”

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/30/world/middleeast/isis-prison-syria.html US forces return to combat as allies struggle to subdue ISIS fighters

Fry Electronics Team

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