What are the symptoms and how to check the disease? – The Irish sun

There are over 50,000 cases of breast cancer in women in the UK each year.

It’s important to know the signs to look out for in order to get an early diagnosis and start treatment quickly.

Breast cancer is the most common form of the disease in women in the UK

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Breast cancer is the most common form of the disease in women in the UKPhoto credit: Getty – Contributor

What is breast cancer?

breast cancer is any type of cancer that first developed in breast tissue – there are many different types.

Breast cancer kills nearly 1,000 people each month in the UK, with the disease killing around 11,500 women and 80 men each year.

However, thanks to advances in medical research and early prevention, more people are surviving breast cancer than ever before.

While it’s more common in older women, it also affects the younger generation and men – with around 20 per cent of cases in women under the age of 50 and 350 male cases diagnosed annually in the UK.

What Are the Breast Cancer Symptoms in Women?

For most women, the first sign or symptom of breast cancer is a lump or area of ​​thickened tissue in their breasts.

Although 90 percent of these lumps aren’t cancerous, it’s important to get them checked out by your GP as soon as possible — detecting the disease early can mean treatment is more effective.

It’s therefore crucial to be “breast aware” – knowing what feels normal to you and what changes to look out for.

One in three women don’t check their breasts regularly, and a fifth of these women say it’s because they don’t know how.

Although the majority of women know that they feel unusual lumps and bumps, there are other, lesser-known signs and symptoms as well.

How to check breast cancer

1. Change in breast size or shape

Breasts come in all shapes and sizes – and they can look and feel different over the course of a woman’s life.

Carolyn Rogers, Senior Clinical Nurse Specialist at Breast Cancer Care, told The Sun Online: “You can change when you get your period as you go through pregnancy as your body ages.

“By examining your breasts regularly, you’ll know if a change in size or shape is normal for you, or if it’s something unusual that’s worth checking out with your doctor.”

2. Redness or rash

It’s important to look out for signs of redness or a rash on the skin and around the nipple.

A rash in this area could be triggered simply by new washing powder or a lacy bra irritating the skin.

“But if it’s an ongoing problem, it could be a sign of something more serious,” Carolyn warned.

3. Nipple discharge

If fluid comes out of the nipple without squeezing it, it’s important to have it checked by a doctor.

“We know from talking to people on the Breast Cancer Care Helpline that this can be confusing,” Carolyn said.

“But if it’s not normal for you, tell your GP.”

4. Swelling in the armpit or around the collarbone

Lumps are the most common sign of breast cancer, but they don’t always appear in the breast.

“Breast tissue can be found under the armpits and up to the collarbone, so you might notice some unusual swelling in those areas,” Carolyn explained.

Therefore, it is important to be thorough during your monthly breast check-up, examining the entire breast and surrounding area.

5. Change in skin texture

From puckering to the tiniest hint of a dimple, changes in the appearance of your breasts can be a sign of cancer.

For example, if it looks and feels like the peel of an orange, go to your GP and get it checked.

A recent poll by the charity found that one in six women had no idea it could be a sign of the disease.

6. An inverted nipple

Some people naturally have inverted nipples, which is perfectly fine, but every breast is different.

“If your nipple suddenly pulls in or changes shape or position in any way, that could be a red flag,” Carolyn explained.

7. Constant pain

A dull ache that won’t go away in the chest or armpit is a warning sign of breast cancer.

However, it can be difficult to identify.

“Chest pain is very common,” Carolyn said.

“It can be caused by a variety of things, like changing hormone levels before your period or even an ill-fitting bra.”

But if the pain doesn’t go away after a reasonable amount of time, you should tell your doctor, she said.

For more information visit breast cancer care.

What are the stages of breast cancer?

There are four stages of breast cancer, one being the earliest and four meaning it has spread to other parts of the body.

Here are the different stages as shared by Cancer Research UK.

stage one

Stage one consists of two parts:

  • 1A – This means the tumor is 2 cm or less and has not spread outside the breast
  • 1B – Small patches of breast cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes near the breast. There is also no tumor in the breast or the tumor is 2 cm or smaller.

stage two

The second stage has two parts, and this stage means the cancer is in the breast or nearby lymph nodes:

  • 2A – There is no tumor or a tumor that is 2 centimeters (cm) or smaller in the breast, and cancer cells are found in 1 to 3 lymph nodes in the armpit or in the lymph nodes near the breastbone. It can also mean that the tumor is larger than 2 cm but not larger than 5 cm and there is no cancer in the lymph nodes.
  • 2 B – The tumor is larger than 2 cm but no larger than 5 cm, and there are small areas of cancerous cells in the lymph nodes. Or it may mean that the tumor is larger than 2 cm but not larger than 5 cm and the cancer has spread to 1 to 3 lymph nodes in the armpit or to the lymph nodes near the breastbone, or the tumor is larger than 5 cm is and has not spread to the lymph nodes.

stage three

The third stage has three parts, and this stage means the cancer is in the breast or nearby lymph nodes:

  • 3A – There is no tumor or the tumor can be any size and cancer is found in 4 to 9 lymph glands under the arm or in the lymph glands near the breastbone. Or the tumor is larger than 5 cm and there are small clusters of breast cancer cells in the lymph nodes. It could also mean that the tumor is larger than 5 cm and has spread to up to 3 lymph nodes in the armpit or to the lymph nodes near the breastbone.
  • 3B – The tumor has spread to the skin of the breast or chest wall. The cancer may have spread to as many as 9 lymph nodes in the armpit or to the lymph nodes near the breastbone.
  • 3C – There are 10 or more lymph nodes in the armpit, lymph nodes above or below the collarbone, or lymph nodes in the armpit and near the breastbone.

stage four

This means the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones, lungs, liver or brain.

How is breast cancer treated?

There are a number of treatments for breast cancer, with the type or combination used depending on how the cancer was diagnosed and what stage it is at.

Once cancer has been diagnosed, you should be assigned a multidisciplinary team to discuss the most appropriate course of treatment.

In addition to the stage and degree of the disease, doctors consider the patient’s general health and whether she has experienced menopause.

The main treatments are:

  • surgery
  • radiotherapy
  • chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • biological therapy (targeted therapy)

What happens during an NHS screening for breast cancer?

About two million women are screened for breast cancer each year.

If you participate, you will receive an X-ray (mammogram) at a clinic or mobile breast examination unit.

This is performed by a naturopath called a mammograph and appointments last less than half an hour.

Women strip down to their waists and place their breasts on the machine, then a platen is lowered to gently flatten them for the X-ray.

The NHS breast screening program is currently aimed at women aged 50-70 and includes screening every three years.

In some parts of England this has been opened to women aged 47 to 73 as part of a trial.

Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said so 450,000 women aged 68 to 71 were not invited to their last mammogrambetween 2009 and early 2018, and hundreds may have died as a result.

https://www.thesun.ie/health/789897/breast-cancer-symptoms-signs-lumps/ What are the symptoms and how to check the disease? – The Irish sun

Fry Electronics Team

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