One of Hollywood’s tough guys, Bruce Willis, was forced to retire from acting due to a cognitive-impairing illness.
Phasia, the condition the Willis family said has caused cognitive difficulties for the actor, affects up to a third of the 10,000 people in Ireland who suffer a stroke each year.
According to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage to a specific area of the brain that controls the expression and comprehension of language.
It affects a person’s ability to communicate effectively with others.
About one in three people who suffer a stroke will subsequently experience aphasia, which affects their ability to speak, write, read, spell, understand and communicate effectively.
Both men and women are equally affected, and most people with aphasia are middle-aged and older.
However, stroke is not the sole cause of aphasia, as brain tumors, blunt force trauma to the head, dementia and infections all contribute to the causes of the condition.
The condition can be diagnosed by MRI, CT, or PET scans and is treated in a variety of ways depending on the patient’s age, health, and many other factors, including the type of aphasia.
People with global aphasia have trouble understanding or speaking language, people with Broca’s aphasia often speak in short sentences, dropping words like “and” and “that,” but can usually understand others. Those with Wernicke’s aphasia often speak in long, confusing sentences and often have trouble understanding the language spoken by others.
The Irish Heart Foundation partnered with NUIG in 2019 to raise awareness of the condition, saying that despite one in three stroke survivors developing the condition, there is very little public knowledge about it is known. It said the condition could be a “very distressing and hidden side effect” of a stroke.
https://www.independent.ie/news/what-is-aphasia-the-condition-that-forced-bruce-willis-to-retire-41505201.html What is aphasia, the condition that forced Bruce Willis to retire?