Tomorrow marks International Women’s Day, also known as IWD, an event held around the world for more than a century to highlight the achievements of women.
Held annually on March 8, the day is dedicated to honoring the “social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women” but also calling for more action to improve gender equality. In particular, it calls for “accelerating gender equality”, according to International Women’s Day Place.
What is the origin of IWD?
IWD “has evolved from a labor movement to become an annual event recognized by the United Nations,” explains BBC.
The “seeds” of international celebration were sown in 1908, when “15,000 women marched through New York demanding shorter working hours, higher pay, and the right to vote.” The following year, the first National Women’s Day was proclaimed by the Socialist Party of America.
Clara Zetkin, a German women’s rights activist and communist born in 1857, came up with the idea of an international women’s day at the International Conference of Working Women in Copenhagen in 1910 -” and 100 women there, from 17 countries, agreed the BBC said.
As a result, IWD was first celebrated in 1911 in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, making this year, technically, the 111th International Women’s Day. But the date is only United Nations. officially recognized in 1975.
It is a national holiday in several countries, including Russia, “where flower sales double” in the days leading up to the event, as well as in China, where women are given half a day off from work. .
This year’s IWD theme
The United Nations says the theme for 2022 is “Gender Equality Today for a Sustainable Tomorrow”, which aims to “recognize the contribution of women and girls around the world, who are at the forefront of on climate change adaptation, mitigation and response, to build a more sustainable future for all”. UN Women.
“Women are increasingly recognized as being more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than men, as they make up the majority of the world’s poor and are more dependent on resources,” the website says. natural resources that climate change threatens most”.
“At the same time, women and girls are powerful and effective leaders and change makers for climate adaptation and mitigation. They are involved in sustainability initiatives around the world, and their involvement and leadership leads to more effective climate action.”
The second theme chosen by the International Women’s Day website is #BreakTheBias, which asks people to envision “a world free of prejudice, stereotypes and discrimination”.
A virtual council with UN leaders, climate activists and celebrities will be hosted by the UN on March 8.
Across the UK, one host of events will take place. One of the biggest is WOW: Women in the world festival at London’s Southbank Centre, which claims to be “the world’s largest, most comprehensive festival celebrating women, girls and non-binary people”.
BFI Southbank is hosting a season from March 3 to 15 called The camera is ours: British women documentary filmmakersincludes pioneering works from Ruby and Marion Grierson, Evelyn Spice and Muriel Box.
The National Gallery is also hosting a series of online events celebrating women in the arts, including a forum exploring how female artists have interacted with the national gallery and a lecture on the role of women in the arts. art historian Anna Jameson in the reception of Raphael’s work in the 19th century.
https://www.theweek.co.uk/news/955985/what-is-international-womens-day What is International Women’s Day?