MONKEYPOX is a rare disease with most cases in Africa.
Some common symptoms are fever, headache, and muscle aches, and while this is a mild condition that gets better with time, in some cases, symptoms can become serious and, in very rare cases, lead to death.
What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus.
This particular virus is a rare zoonotic disease, meaning it is transmitted from an animal to humans.
It is mainly found in remote parts of Central and West Africa near tropical rainforests.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
The first symptoms include:
- Muscle cramp
- back pain
- swollen lymph nodes
A painful rash and open sores can then develop, usually starting on the face.
If the rash spreads to the eyes, it can lead to blindness.
Symptoms generally last 14 to 21 days, with severe cases depending on the patient’s age, level of virus exposure, medical condition, and the severity of complications.
Is monkeypox in the UK?
On 7 May 2022, a case of monkeypox was confirmed to arrive from Nigeria by the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA).
The patient is being treated at Guy’s Hospital in London and the UKHSA is working closely with the NHS to get to those who may have been in close contact with the infected person.
This includes those who traveled “in close proximity” to the patient on their flight to the UK.
The Director of Clinical and Emerging Infections at the UKHSA, Dr. Colin Brown said: “It is important to emphasize that monkeypox does not spread easily between humans and the overall risk to the general public is very low.
“We are working with NHS England and NHS Improvement (NHSEI) to contact the people who were in close contact with the case before the infection was confirmed to assess them and provide advice where necessary.
“UKHSA and the NHS have well established and robust infection control procedures for dealing with cases of imported infectious diseases and these are strictly followed.”
Monkeypox has only been seen six times in the past, with cases dating back to 2018 and always in travelers from other countries.
However, an NHS nurse once contracted the virus in 2018 while changing a patient’s bed sheets in hospital, blaming “pathetic small” protective gloves.
Another case was observed in December 2019 in South West England in someone who had visited Nigeria.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock announced that there had been an outbreak of the monkeypox virus in June 2021, although few details were given.
The Sun has been told there have been two cases in North Wales.
The first case caught the virus abroad before passing it on to someone in the same home.
They were taken to a hospital in England, where one stays.
Since the virus resurfaced, 218 cases have been reported in Nigeria and eight more cases have surfaced internationally.
The CDC describes monkeypox as a “rare but potentially serious” disease.
How can you get monkeypox?
Infection usually occurs after direct contact with blood, body fluids, or skin lesions from an infected animal.
In Africa, human infections have been documented through handling infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats, and squirrels.
Eating the undercooked meat of an infected animal is a risk.
Human-to-human transmission can occur through close contact with the skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by the patient.
This generally requires longer face-to-face contact, putting loved ones at greater risk.
Transmission can also occur across the placenta, known as congenital monkeypox.
Is monkeypox deadly?
According to the WHO, the monkeypox virus is similar to human smallpox.
Although monkeypox is much milder than smallpox, it can be deadly.
It has a mortality rate of between one and 10 percent, with most deaths occurring in younger age groups.
How to treat monkeypox
There are no specific treatments or vaccines, but outbreaks can be controlled.
Vaccination against smallpox has been shown to be 85 percent effective in preventing monkeypox.
However, the vaccine is no longer available to the general public as it was discontinued following the global eradication of smallpox.
https://www.thesun.ie/health/3108100/monkeypox-symptoms-treatments/ What is monkeypox and what are the symptoms? – The Irish sun