The most significant event in the Islamic calendar is scheduled to begin this week.
Ramadan, the 30-day period of ritual fasting and abstinence, is observed by up to 1.8 billion Muslims around the world.
Here’s everything you need to know about Ramadan 2022.
When does Ramadan start and end?
Although Ramadan is always on the same day in the Islamic calendar, its date in the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year. This is because the latter is a solar calendar and the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar.
As a result, Ramadan shifts by about 11 days each year on the Gregorian calendar, and can also vary from country to country depending on whether or not the moon has been sighted – a topic that often causes controversy between observers in different nations.
Although this year’s festival is scheduled to start on April 2 and end on May 1, the dates are “not yet confirmed,” it said forbes‘ Colleague Jamie Carter.
“The appearance of a 2.4% crescent just 1.5 days after the new moon” will determine when the month begins. “All you have to do is stand outside and look west at dusk on Saturday” to see Ramadan begin, Carter said.
With “keen eyes, a low horizon and maybe binoculars,” observers should be able to see the “Ramadan moon” appear, he continued. The month ends when the crescent reappears some 29 to 30 days later, marking the beginning of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic calendar.
This begins with Eid-ul-Fitr, a three-day celebration that begins with early morning prayers and then follows a day of feasting with friends and family.
How is Ramadan usually celebrated?
Fasting is the most famous and important part of a normal Ramadan celebration, but drinking, smoking, sex or any “sinful behavior” is also forbidden between sunrise and sunset throughout the 30-day period.
Practicing Muslims abstain from eating and drinking during the day to teach “self-discipline, self-restraint and generosity”. BBC says. It is customary to have one meal, suhur, just before sunrise and another, known as iftar, just after sunset.
Knowing the exact times of sunrise and sunset is important during Ramadan, but this can be tricky as this varies across the world and sometimes even within one country. Apps like Muslim Pro advise when to start fasting and when to eat again, and that Central London Mosque has put together a fasting schedule for the month.
People who are ill or whose health is affected by fasting, children, travelers, the elderly and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are not required to fast, the said BBC.
The UK Government Advice, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (akas) has advice on how to help employers support Muslim workers during Ramadan and encourages companies to try to accommodate requests to adjust working hours during Lent.
“Managers should anticipate that fasting an employee could reduce their work performance during this time,” and “they are advised to make concessions.”
Why is the month so significant?
Ramadan marks the month when Allah revealed the Quran to Prophet Muhammad.
Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam (sawm). Muslims fast as an act of worship, a chance to draw closer to Allah, and a way to be more compassionate to those in need.
The term “Ramadan” comes from the Arabic word ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, meaning scorching heat or drought.
What is the night of power?
On the 27th day of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Lailat al Qadr – the “Night of Power”. This is Islam’s holiest night and commemorates the day the Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad. It involves spending the night praying, studying and reciting the sacred text.
However, the exact day of the waterfall of Lailat al Qadr was never specified by the Prophet Muhammad and some Muslims choose to commemorate the last ten days of Ramadan as if they were Lailat al Qadr.
https://www.theweek.co.uk/54029/when-is-ramadan When does Ramadan start in 2022?