Located in the northwestern countryside of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu is a 15th-century citadel believed to be a royal heritage or sacred religious site.
But who built the mysterious landmark?
Who built Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu is believed to have belonged to the Inca leaders, whose civilization was almost wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century.
The Inca Empire dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Historians believe the site was abandoned about 100 years after its construction, possibly around the time the Spaniards began their conquest of the mighty pre-Colombian civilization in the 1530s.
There is no evidence that the conquerors ever attacked or even reached the citadel at the top of the mountain, with some suggesting that desertion of the inhabitants was caused by an epidemic of smallpox.
For hundreds of years, until American archaeologist Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it in 1911, the existence of the abandoned citadel was a secret known only to the farmers living in the area. .
The Incas had no written language, and thus there is no written record of the site when it was used.
The names of the buildings, their uses, and their inhabitants are all the work of modern archaeologists, on the basis of physical evidence, including the tombs at the site.
Many archaeologists today believe that Machu Picchu was once royal property for Inca emperors and nobles, especially for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472).
Others theorized it was a religious site, pointing out that it was located near mountains and other geographical features that the Incas considered sacred.
It is considered the most familiar symbol of the Inca civilization, and is often referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”.
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry stone walls.
The Incas were masters of a technique known as ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar.
It has three main structures: Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and Room with three windows.
Most of the buildings outside have been reconstructed to give visitors a better idea of how they originally appeared.
By 1976, 30% of Machu Picchu had been restored and its restoration continued.
https://www.thesun.ie/news/8180784/who-built-machu-picchu/ Who built Machu Picchu?