MACHU Picchu is one of the most famous landmarks in the world, and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
But where did Machu Picchu come from and how was it built?
Who built Machu Picchu?
The first Inca emperor Pachacuteq ordered the construction of Machu Picchu, inhabited by more than 1,000 of his descendants, and included a large mausoleum for him.
The citadel was abandoned when the Inca civilization was almost wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century.
It was first revealed to the world in 1911, when American archaeologist Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it.
There seems to be no conflict at Machu Picchu – instead, its population is believed to have been wiped out by a smallpox epidemic introduced by the conquistadors.
How did they build Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu is considered a masterpiece of architecture and engineering, with ramps, steps, steps and walls built into the mountainside to blend into the landscape.
There are no less than 3,000 stone steps between its many floors, and the entire city was built without metal tools or wheels.
They only made one entrance to the city so it would be easy to defend.
During the construction of Machu Picchu, it is thought that the Incas used the tectonic hole of the area to crack the granite and provide water channels for their elaborate irrigation system.
The Incas had a technique of cutting stones so that they fit together without mortar.
The rocks are so tightly bound that you can’t even push a credit card between them, and this has kept the city solid through more than five centuries of seismic activity.
During an earthquake, the stones at Machu Picchu were supposed to dance and then fall back into place, but non-Inca cities like Cusco and Lima were flattened.
Machu Picchu has residential, agricultural, sacred, and royal districts.
Among the ruins today are the famous Temple of the Sun, and the Intihuatana – a sundial or calendar made of sculpted granite.
Where is Machu Picchu?
The 5-mile-long Machu Picchu site is located atop a mountain near the Urubamba valley in Peru, South America.
The Unesco site on the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes, in a rainforest 8,000 feet (2,430 meters) above sea level and about 66 miles northwest of Cuzco.
The name Machu Picchu means “old peak” in Quechua.
The artefacts brought by Bingham to Yale University were only returned to Peru when Barack Obama intervened after nearly 100 years of controversy.
https://www.thesun.ie/travel/8180808/machu-picchu-who-built/ Who built Machu Picchu?