Why does it burn when peeing?

IF you suddenly notice that going to the toilet hurts, there could be several reasons.

You might experience a burning sensation or it might just be a little uncomfortable – here’s everything you need to know about why it can be painful to pee.

There are many reasons why it can be painful - and if you're struggling with it, you should see a pharmacist or your doctor


There are many reasons why it can be painful – and if you’re struggling with it, you should see a pharmacist or your doctorCredit: Alamy

Most adults lose between 800 and 2,000 milliliters of fluid per day if they have a recommended minimum fluid intake of around 2 liters.

Going to the bathroom six to eight times per 24 hours is standard.

dr Shree Datta, consultant obstetrician-gynecologist at MyHealthcare Clinic in London, said frequency of urination obviously depends on how much you drink.

She explained: “If you drink a lot of water and other liquids – especially caffeinated drinks – it’s not unreasonable to have to empty your bladder every hour or two.

“I would always recommend a clear white toilet bowl.

“It’s important to be able to see the color of your urine because you can tell if you’re drinking too much or too little.

“Your urine should be a light straw color and not totally clear or a dark cloudy apple juice color. A white toilet also helps detect blood in the urine.”

If you’ve evaluated your urine and are still not sure – here are the top reasons it might hurt.


UTIs can become serious if left untreated, damaging the kidneys and entering the bloodstream.

You can then treat with antibiotics while making sure to increase fluid intake.

If it’s particularly painful, consider taking over-the-counter pain relievers as well.

dr Datta said, “If you’re prone to UTIs, see your doctor sooner rather than later.

“Once you’ve ruled out infection, one more thing to note is that if you find you’re peeing all the time, you may need bladder training.”

It’s also important to know that urinary tract infections can be the cause of cystitis, which could be another reason for toilet problems.

prostate problems

Earim Chaudry, medical director of the men’s health platform Manual, said difficulty urinating in men could be a sign of prostate problems.

He said: “Difficulty urinating or painful urination can be a sign of prostate disease or cancer, which should not be ignored. When the prostate is enlarged, it can press on the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder). which can make urination difficult.

“Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, according to the NHS. This type of cancer also develops slowly, meaning it can go undetected for many years.

“You may notice an increased urge to urinate, straining to urinate, or a feeling that your bladder is not completely empty. Although these symptoms don’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer, it’s important to see your GP as a precaution.”

Too many products

If you are sensitive to certain products, it can irritate your skin.

This can be anything from soaps, foams and sponges.

If it hurts to urinate after using these products, you are probably sensitive to them.

dr Sarah Welsh, GP and founder of Hanx, said scented products in your vagina can upset the delicate balance of good and bad bacteria.

She added, “If you’re using heavily scented bath products, it can upset the balance and leave you vulnerable to infection and irritation.”

infection or inflammation

Painful urination can also be caused by other causes, such as infection or inflammation in the vagina or prostate, experts at the American Family Physician say.

“You may feel pain as urine flows over the inflamed tissue. If the urethra is inflamed, you would feel pain as the urine flows through it,” they add.

One type of infection that causes painful urination is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It’s important to see a sexual health doctor if you think you have an STD.

Another major reason is a kidney infection. If you have a kidney infection, you also experience back pain, fever, chills, and abdominal pain.

You can also have kidney or bladder stones. These can get lodged in your kidney or bladder and make urination painful as it often irritates the lining of the bladder.

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Vaginal tears

If you didn’t get enough lubrication during penetration sex, then you may have a vaginal tear.

This could result in small internal abrasions that often result in burning when peeing.

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